PSYCH Lecture 19 - Psychopathology

PSYCH Lecture 19 - Psychopathology - Psychopathology...

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Unformatted text preview: Psychopathology Definition Mental Disorder: any behavior or emotional state that causes distress or suffering, is maladaptive and disturbs relationships and the greater community Legal Standards: whether or not a person is in control of behavior and aware of the consequences of his/her actions Classifying Mental Disorders DSM-IV TR: Standard reference book for all disorders Around 300 mental disorders in this latest version Descriptive and provides a set criteria for diagnosis 5/9 of the criteria almost everyday, most of the time, for two weeks (Ex. major depressive disorder) DSM-IV TR: 5 Axes or Dimensions 1) Primary Clinical Problem 2) Personality Disorders & Mental retardation 3) Medical Conditions relevant to disorder 4) Social and environmental problems 5) Global Assessment of Functioning Problems with the DSM Classifications Danger of overdiagnoses Power of diagnostic labels Many of the symptoms are based on subjective not objective measures Some categories have political/social implications Disorders of Childhood Pervasive Developmental Disorders Autism: impairment in communication skills, impairment in social interactions, repetitive behaviors Aspergers Syndrome: higher level communication skills, significant social impairment (facial feedback training) Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Inattention, impulsivity and/or hyperactivity which is inappropriate for a childs particular developmental age ~5% of school aged children More likely to be males Genetic link/runs in families Multimodal treatment approach: drugs and behavioral interventions Conduct Disorder Violate social norms Physical aggression Cruelty to animals Lack remorse May be a precursor to antisocial personality Tourettes Syndrome Multiple motor and one or more vocal tics Occur many times a day nearly everyday or intermittently over a period of more than 1 year Onset before age 18 Does NOT need to interfere with functioning for diagnosis Anxiety Disorders Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Continuous feelings of worry, anxiety, dread/foreboding Restlessness Difficulty concentrating Irritability Muscle tension Sleep disturbance...
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This note was uploaded on 01/21/2012 for the course PSYCH 111 taught by Professor Schreier during the Winter '08 term at University of Michigan.

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PSYCH Lecture 19 - Psychopathology - Psychopathology...

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