PrefaceRecent Advances in Integrated Farming Systems SS RanaDepartment of Agronomy, COA, CSK HPKV, Palampur-176062
Recent Advances in Integrated Farming SystemsSS Rana Sr Scientist Department of Agronomy, COA, CSK HPKV, Palampur-176062
CitationRana SS 2015.Recent Advances in Integrated Farming Systems.Department of Agronomy,College of Agriculture,CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishvavidyalaya, Palampur,204 pages.
PrefaceWeakening of the traditional joint family concept combined with unchecked linear growth in human population lead indiscriminate fragmentation of land holdings. More than 85 percent farm families have been converted in to marginal and small categories of farmers having land less than one hectare. Small and fragmented land holdings do not allow a farmer to keep independent farm resources like draught animals, tractors, bore wells/ tube wells and other sophisticated machineries for various cultural operations. Further, most of the inputs have become costly and out of reach of these resource poor farmers which has resulted farming as an uneconomic and unsustainable enterprise. Large scale urbanization, industrial and infrastructural growth - a need of the day has necessitated looking for vertical growth rather than horizontal expansion as far as Indian agriculture is concerned. In past, the focus had been on maximization of crop yields and that too for well endowed resource rich farm families. Marginal and small farmers in general are literally illiterate, financially handicapped, their holdings are small and scattered not suited for high-tech agricultural machinery, work in resource poor and risk prone diverse conditions. Lot of efforts have been made aiming at increasing the productivity of different components of farming system but lacking in their integration by following farming system approach. To fulfil the basic needs of household including food (cereal, pulses, oilseeds, milk, fruit, honey, fish meat, etc.) for human, feed and fodder for animals and fuel & fibre for general use warrant an attention about Integrated Farming System. The emergence of Integrated Farming Systems (IFS) has enabled us to develop a framework for an alternative development model to improve the feasibility of small sized farming operations in relation to larger ones. Integrated farming system is a commonly and broadly used word to explain a more integrated approach to farming as compared to monoculture approaches. The prosperity of any country depends upon the prosperity of farmers. This in turn depends upon the adoption of improved technology and judicious allocation of resources. Human race depends more on farm products for their existence than anything else since food and clothing – the prime necessaries are products of farming. Even for industrial prosperity, farming forms the basic raw material. To sustain and satisfy as many as his needs, the farmers include crop production, livestock, poultry, fisheries, beekeeping etc. in their farms.