Mythos to Logos

Mythos to Logos - TheDevelopmentfromMythostoLogos

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The Development from  Mythos  to  Logos 1. MYTHOS = The Religious/Pre-Scientific Stage Aetiologies through supernatural and religious explanations as preserved in myths, especially by Homer,  Iliad  and  Odyssey Hesiod,  Theogony  and  Works and Days Homeric Hymns other early literature (before tragedy) Emphasis on meaning (“How does all this apply to me?”): ETHICS through religion 2. LOGOS = The Rational/Early-Scientific Stage Aetiologies through observation and rational analysis of natural phenomena; logical conclusions drawn  from such study as alternatives to traditional religion. Chief examples: 1. Presocratics (= Ionian Nature Philosophers), e.g. theory of elements, Heraclitus (change), Pythagoras  (numbers), Democritus (atoms) 2. Socrates and Greek philosophy: systematic enquiry into nature, humans (individuals and society), ethics  (e.g. justice) 3. Athenian tragedy: profound, often critical (e.g. by Euripides) examinations of traditional religion
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Mythos to Logos - TheDevelopmentfromMythostoLogos

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