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Unformatted text preview: THE RULE OF ZEUS 1. Zeus distributes realms to his brothers (under his chief authority) and assigns important functions to his sisters: Poseidon rules the sea; Hades rules the Underworld; Demeter is the goddess of agriculture, harvests, grains, etc.; Hestia is the goddess of the hearth; Hera is the goddess of marriage and childbirth. 2. Zeus overcomes three challenges to his power: the Titanomachy (Battle of the Titans), in which he defeats the Titans led by Kronos; the Gigantomachy (Battle of the Giants), in which Zeus defeats the Giants, monsters born when drops of blood from the severed genitalia of Uranos fell on the earth; the battle against Typhon (Typhoeus), the last and fiercest monster of all. 3. Zeus enters on a series of hieroi gamoi (sacred marriages; sg., hieros gamos ), in which he allies himself with positive and stabilizing forces. The significance of these marriages lies in their allies himself with positive and stabilizing forces....
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- Summer '11