History of GIS

History of GIS - GEOGRAPHY & GEOINFORMATION SCIENCE 311...

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GEOGRAPHY & GEOINFORMATION SCIENCE 311 INTRODUCTION TO GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS Instructor: Dr. Matt Rice Faculty Office: Research Building I, Room 242 Faculty Office Hours: Wednesday, 11:00am-1:00pm or by appointment Email: rice@gmu.edu Faculty webpage: rice.gmu.edu , mason.gmu.edu/~mrice4 TA: Mukul Sonwalkar ( msonwalk@masonlive.gmu.edu ) Chris Hill ( chillf@masonlive.gmu.edu )
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Announcements (blackboard) OPEN LAB Robinson A113
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ArcGIS student version 10 Purpose: Convenience Allows you to work at home on assignments, saves time Install at home on PC/laptop Install screen dumps on Blackboard Mac installs require VM + windows Good for 1 install, 1 year 20K value Excellent resume item Internships
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Two tasks for the week Install ArcGIS 10 (student version) at home Blackboard help Install course data on your flash drive Unpack data from Meribeth Price “Mastering ArcGIS” CD
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Price CD-ROM Contains datasets, example documents, and lab material Install on a USB Flash Drive 311/mgisdata folder mgistdata/Mapdocuments folder Create 311/homework folder Once installed on flash drive, CD- ROM can be archived/stored Re-installed data when necessary
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Typical Time Commitment Reading (Longley): 1hr / week Teaching Tutorial (Price): 1.5 hr / week Assignment (Price): 1 hr / week Tutorial + Assignment: 1.5 – 4 hr / week Occasional: Review lecture notes, attend lab help session, study for exams
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Where to work? Robinson A113 Innovation 301 JC 342 . . . Many others All classrooms and labs maintained by ITU are likely to have ArcGIS (how to see if it is installed)
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Robinson A113 ~25 Workstations 2 printers Lab manager (Ben Parker) ArcGIS 10.0 Open 24/7 (as long as the building entrances are unlocked)
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Robinson A113 ~25 Workstations 2 printers Lab manager (Ben Parker) Open 24/7 (as long as the building entrances are unlocked)
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Robinson A113
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Longley et al. Geographic Information Systems and Science , Chapter 7, pp.181-206: GIS Software” Learning Objectives •Understand the architecture of GIS software systems •Describe the process of GIS customization •Describe the main types of commercial software •Outline the main types of commercial GIS software products currently available
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GIS software Chapter 7, parts of a GIS 4 technical parts: •Network •Hardware •Software •Data GIS Software: The processing engine of a complete, working, GIS Narrower view of GIS software: “Systems with a range of generic capabilities to collect, store, manage, query, analyze, and present geographic information” Distributed primarily as commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS), but also via: • Shareware •Freeware •Public domain •Open source
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Evolution of GIS software Formative Years of GIS, late 60s, early 70s: GIS consisted collection of computer routines that could be used by a skilled programmer to build on operational GIS In the 1970s and 80s, demand grew for a higher-level system with a standard interface. Command line interfaces dominated
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History of GIS - GEOGRAPHY & GEOINFORMATION SCIENCE 311...

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