Midterm Study Sheet

Midterm Study Sheet - GGS 311 – Introduction to ...

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Unformatted text preview: GGS 311 – Introduction to GIS Dr. Matt Rice Midterm Exam Study Sheet – Fall 2011 1) Read Chapters 1, 7, 5, 3, 9 completely and pay attention to the bold points – they are probably going to appear on the exam, particularly if we covered them in class 2) Definitions of GIS (several places in text, in lectures, etc.) a. Longley §1.1, end of ¶ 1, last sentence before bold point b. Longley §1.4, Table 1.3 (p.16) c. Lecture 1:10, 1:19, 1:25 d. Longley §1.5.1 (Anatomy of a GIS) 3) Important Elements of Geographic Problems a. Lecture 1:18 b. Longley §1.1, p.4- 10 (5) 4) History of GIS a. Longley §1.4 b. Lecture 1:20 5) Anatomy of a GIS a. Longley §1.5.1, Figure 1.16 6) Discussion of GIS: Geographic Information (Systems /Science /Studies) a. Longley §1.7, Lecture 1:25 7) Anatomy of a GIS: The 4 technical components of a GIS a. Longley §1.5.1, Figure 1.16, Lecture 2:13, Longley §7.1 8) Evolution of GIS Software a. Longley §7.2, p.182- 183 b. Lecture 2:14- 15 9) Architecture of GIS software - - Longley §7.3 a. Typical implementation and growth of GIS Software: Figure 7.1, Lecture 2:16 b. Three tier architecture: Figure 7.2, (7.3- 7.4- 7.5- 7.6), Lecture 2:17- 21 i. Differentiate the different implementations of the three- tier architecture as seen in 7.3, 7.4, 7.5, 7.6 10) Desktop and Network GIS paradigms a. Longley §7.3.4, p.187- 189 b. Longley Figure 7.7, Table 7.1 c. Lecture 2:22 11) GIS software vendors a. Be able to name the market leaders profiled in Longley §7.5.1, §7.5.2, §7.5.3, §7.5.4 and Lecture 2:23- 29 12) Types of GIS Software Systems: Longley 7.6, Lecture 2:30- 36 Desktop GIS, Web Mapping, Server GIS, Virtual Globes, Developer GIS, Hand- held GIS 13) Atomic Element of Geographic Information a. Location(X , Y) ,Time , Attribute b. Lecture 3:3, Longley §5.1 14) Spatial Resolution of Georeferences a. Lecture 3:7 b. Longley §5.1, p.124- 125, Table 5.1 15) Placenames a. Lecture 3:10- 11 b. Longley §5.2 c. Function/definition of a Gazatteer, Lecture 3:12 16) Postal Addresses & Zip Codes a. Assumptions of a postal addressing scheme, Lecture 3:13, Longley §5.3, p.127- 128 b. Rough spatial resolutions of zip codes in US, Lecture 3:14 17) Linear Referencing Systems a. Be able to name an example/use of a linear referencing system b. Longley §5.5 c. Lecture 3:15 18) US Public Land Survey System a. Origin / referencing terms (Township (Y) & Range (X)) b. Longley §5.6, Lecture 3:16 19) Latitude & Longitude a. Longley §5.7 b. Be able to define latitude & longitude (including figures 5.10- 5.14), know how each is referenced, point of origin, etc. c. Lecture 3:17- 3:24 d. Ellipsoid models: differentiate the Earth’s minor/major axes, which is which? (Figure 5.11, Lecture 5.21- 5.22) e. Distance between equator and Pole (~ 10,000,000 meters) 20) Projections a. 3 categories: Cylindrical / Planar or Azimuthal / Conic, Lecture 3:29- 3:32) b. Equal- Area / Conformal properties (definitions, Longley §5.8, p.136, Lecture 3:27- 28) c. Longley Figure 5.15, Lecture 3:29 21) UTM & State Plane Coordinate System a. Longley §5.8.2, §5.8.3 b. Lecture 3:34- 40 22) Types of GIS Attributes a. Lecture 4:12- 13 23) Generalization & Simplification a. Longley 3.8 b. Lecture 4:14, 4:27- 29 c. “The more closely we look at the world, the more detail it reveals”. What does this mean? How is it relevant to the information we store in a GIS? 24) Discrete Objects and Continuous Fields a. Lecture 4:15- 20, Longley §3.5.1, §3.5.2 b. Know the basic difference, know what the ‘archetype’ of a continuous field is (Lecture 4:18) 25) Raster data vs. vector data a. Know the differences, Longley §3.6 b. Vector data: points , lines, areas – table top model of GIS 26) Data collection pie chart – Lecture 5:4 27) Data collection costs (Lecture 5:8) 28) Difference between primary (§9.2) & secondary (§9.3) data sources a. Be able to differentiate primary from secondary data sources 29) Stages in a data collection workflow a. Longley §9.1.1, Figure 9.1, Lecture 5:9 30) Vector data capture a. Primary: Surveying & GPS b. Secondary: digitizing 31) Raster data capture a. Primary: Remote Sensing (3 key aspects of resolution: Longley §9.2.1, Lecture 5:10) b. Secondary: scanning 32) Managing a GIS data capture project a. Longley §9.7, Lecture 5:28- 30 b. Figure 9.18, Lecture 5:29 c. Trade- offs between Quality, Price, Speed ...
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