Soils - Sedimentary Parent Material

Soils - Sedimentary Parent Material - SEDIMENTARYROCKS...

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SEDIMENTARY ROCKS
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White Cliffs of Dover (chalk) h5p://cache.eb.com/eb/image?id=74594&rendTypeId=4
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Rock cycle
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WEATHERING produces solid parKcles (primary and secondary) + ions in soluKon
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TRANSPORTATION moves solid parKcles (primary and secondary) + ions in soluKon
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DEPOSITION of solid parKcles (primary and secondary) of ions in soluKon (precipitaKon)
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LITHIFICATION Greek lithos ‐ stone COMPACTION CEMENTATION
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LITHIFICATION COMPACTION
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LITHIFICATION CEMENTATION
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Lead to horizons….
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CLASTIC (DETRITAL) sedimentary rocks
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CLASTIC (DETRITAL) transported solid fragments from preexisKng rocks
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CLASTIC (DETRITAL) SEDIMENTS are classified according to the size , shape , type and arrangement of these parKcles.
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GRAIN SIZE first stage of classificaKon parental material distance of transport heavier material is deposited first, then finer and finer
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GRAIN SIZE pebbles gravels Sand coarse ‐ fine 0.5‐2mm silt clay
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GRAIN SIZE what does it mean? parental material? What grain size was in the original rock? Granite rhyolite
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GRAIN SIZE what does it mean? distance of transport
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GRAIN SIZE what does it mean? heavier material is deposited first, Then finer and finer
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GRAIN SIZE what does it mean? then finer and finer
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