Nutrition fall 07 -- part II

Nutrition fall 07 -- part II - Acceptable Macronutrient...

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Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Ranges: Summary Protein = 10–35% of total daily calories Fat = 20–35% of total daily calories Carbohydrate = 45–65% of total daily calories
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Vitamins Organic micronutrients (carbon-containing) required in small amounts to regulate various processes within living cells Types: Fat soluble– Water soluble--
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Vitamins Functions : regulation : help many chemical reactions take place energy production tissue production/repair blood clotting immune system function protection antioxidants (Vit C, E, Beta-carotene)
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Vitamins Vitamins are abundant in fruits, vegetables, and grains; they are also added to some processed foods If you consume too much or too little of a particular vitamin, characteristic symptoms of excess or deficiency can develop Vitamin D deficiency – Rickets Vitamin A toxicity – Liver Damage Vitamin C deficiency -- Scurvy
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Minerals—Inorganic Micronutrients Inorganic (non-carbon-containing) compounds needed in small amounts for regulation, growth, and maintenance of body tissues and functions as well as to help release energy. There are about 17 essential minerals Common minerals lacking in American diet Ca, Fe, K, Mg
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Minerals– inorganic Functions: Regulation of many body functions muscle contraction transmission nerve impulses water balance blood clotting oxygen transport Structure -- bones, teeth Protection -- antioxidants : Zinc, selenium Table 12 - 2, page 341
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Phytochemicals Phytochemicals -- compounds found in plants that may help prevent and treat chronic diseases Found in: Fruits, vegetables, soybeans, green tea, whole grains
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HPS 1040 taught by Professor Surrency during the Spring '08 term at Georgia Institute of Technology.

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Nutrition fall 07 -- part II - Acceptable Macronutrient...

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