Topic4 - HLTH 101 F a ll 2 0 1 1 TOPIC 4. USING KNOWLEDGE...

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HLTH 101 Fall 2011 TOPIC 4. USING KNOWLEDGE TO CHANGE HUMAN HEALTH STATUS We’ll now begin to tie in what we’ve learned so far and see how the knowledge of the contributors to changes in human health status over the centuries can inform our approaches to improving health. We’ll see that some approaches may work better than others, and that the types of approaches that societies use are constantly evolving over time. RECOMMENDED READINGS: i. Wilkinson, R., & Marmot, M. (2003). The Solid Facts 2 nd Ed . World Health Organization. This is a good overview of the role of social determinants of health. It can be downloaded for free at: http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0005/98438/e81384.pdf LECTURE NOTES : IMPROVING HUMAN HEALTH how do we modify and improve human health? we improve it two general ways: i/ we can improve it from a currently poor state (we can make individuals or populations less sick) ii/ we can prevent illness and disease from occurring either way, we must have an idea of the causes of changes in health before we can implement programs and policies to bring about the desired changes recall our 1 st principles of health research and practice we have established that human health status has undergone dramatic changes on at least two occasions: during the transition between the
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HLTH 101 Fall 2011 paleolithic and Neolithic eras, and again during the past 170 years or so the most recent occasion, the most recent so-called epidemiologic transition, was a major event in that it led to great increases in average life expectancy (if not maximum life expectancy) and dramatically changed the major causes of death therefore, if we wish to determine the factors that can bring about major changes in human health status, we can begin by studying the factors believed to be responsible for the most recent major epidemiologic transition recall, again, our 1 st principles of health research and practice # 3: WE CAN USE KNOWLEDGE TO CHANGE HEALTH STATUS
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Topic4 - HLTH 101 F a ll 2 0 1 1 TOPIC 4. USING KNOWLEDGE...

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