Motor Learning Chpt 10

Motor Learning Chpt 10 - Motor Learning Chpt 10 Memory...

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Motor Learning Chpt 10 Memory Components, Forgetting, and Strategies Memory Structure Basic definition: memory is the capacity that permits organisms to benefit from their past experiences Atkinson and Shiffrin: related memory to computer hardware; sensory register, short-term store, and long-term store (problem – exact nature of these structures) Three components (Baddeley): o 1) (Sensory register – was Bill there? Search through the room, faces you saw, etc.) o 2) ** WORKING MEMORY – system that temporarily stores and uses recently presented information; can work with long-term memory for problem-solving, decision-making, action-prep, etc.; a.k.a. Short-term memory Functions – information is stored for a short amount of time; critical for responses in “right now” situations; provides essential processing activity needed for the adequate transfer of information into long-term memory; * duration (how long information stays) and * capacity (how much information can stay in at any given time) Duration : Peterson and Peterson showed that we lose information from working memory after about only 20-30 seconds ; Adams and Dijkstra – FIRST EXPERIMENT RELATING WORKING MEMORY STORAGE DURATION TO MOTOR SKILLS; showed that arm positions in space that are experienced one time each are lost from working memory at a rate comparable to that of words Capacity : George Miller showed that we can hold about seven items (plus or minus two), such as words or digits, in short-term storage; several researchers interested in motor skills showed that sequential movements generally agreed with Miller's capacity theory; long-term working memory – to help us understand why highly skilled individuals seem to have a greater working memory
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capacity than the general population, allows a larger storage capacity (relevant knowledge, integration of new info with previously acquired knowledge) Processing activities : goal-directed; hearing or seeing the right way to do the task, interpreting that information personally, and then performing the task
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This note was uploaded on 01/21/2012 for the course KIN 315 taught by Professor Abraham during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas.

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Motor Learning Chpt 10 - Motor Learning Chpt 10 Memory...

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