Motor Learning Chpt 12 - Motor Learning Chpt 12 The Stages...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Motor Learning Chpt 12 The Stages of Learning Characteristics of Learning Improvement (getting better) Consistency (staying better) Stability (determining relevancies vs. irrelevancies) Persistence (staying better after a layoff; retention tests) Adaptability (changing characteristics of movement to fit environmental conditions; transfer tests) Note When novices become experts, visually, they don’t have to look at a stimulus for as long as they may have in the past Also, error correction ability should increase ***The Fitts and Posner Three-Stage Model Cognitive stage : the first stage of learning (beginner); high performance variability (inconsistency, lots of errors); What is my objective? How should I move? Where should I move? Associative stage : the second stage of learning; transition to this stage occurs after an unspecified amount of practice and performance improvement; “associating” specific environmental cues with the movements required to achieve the goal of the skill; lower performance variability, decreased error Autonomous (automatic) stage : the third stage of learning; performance of the skill becomes habitual; the person is able to perform the skill without much conscious thought; can often perform another task at the same time; very low performance variability (good consistency); usually the expert level Transition to shifts is gradual; three stages are parts of a continuum of practice time (more practice time, better transition toward 2 nd and 3 rd stages) **REMEMBER : Information Processing Model (Stimulus ID – Response Selection – Response Execution); critical for movement into the associative stage **TOTE : Remember how FEEDBACK is used – we receive INPUT (information on the goal) and TEST (or see if the goal is being accomplished) it, then OPERATE (or try out the new thing), if it works, then you move on, but if not, you get FEEDBACK (did it work, why or why not?) on it and repeat the cycle Gentile’s Two-Stage Model Initial stage of learning : two goals
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
1) Acquire movement coordination pattern (development of movement characteristics that match the regulatory conditions of the environmental context in which the skill is performed) 2) Discriminate between regulatory and nonregulatory conditions (characteristics of the performance that either do or do not influence the movement characteristics required to achieve an action goal; ex. The color of the cup does not affect your ability to grasp it) Later stages of learning : acquisition of three general characteristics – 1) Adapt the
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 01/21/2012 for the course KIN 315 taught by Professor Abraham during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

Page1 / 6

Motor Learning Chpt 12 - Motor Learning Chpt 12 The Stages...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online