This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.
This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: KIN315 Exam 3 Review (Gonna make this private if people dont start helping out) well exam 3 is all multiple choice so we dont need to know all the essay stuff Helps you understand the main concepts though, it is good review, how would you recommend studying for this exam? Looking over vocab and the old tests read all the chapterszzz Chapter 14 (A) What are two types of research evidence that show that observing a skilled demonstration of a motor skill influences the acquisition of the coordination characteristics of the skill? (B) Discuss what this research evidence tells us that we can apply to use of demonstrations when teaching motor skills. Research evidence has shown consistently that the observer perceives from the demonstration information about the coordination pattern of the skill. More specifically, the observer perceives and uses invariant features of the coordinated movement pattern to develop his or her own movement pattern to perform the skill. The visual perception of motion People rarely use specific characteristics of the individual components of a pattern to make judgements about the pattern. Rather, they use relative information about the relationships among the various components. People can recognize different gait patterns accurately and quickly without seeing the entire body or all the limbs move The most critical information people perceive in order to distinguish one type of gait pattern from another is not any one characteristic of the gait, such as velocity of the limbs. Instead, people use the invariant relative time relationship between two components of gait. From these conclusions we can hypothesize that the invariant relationships in coordinated movement constitute the critical information involved in observational learning. What the observer perceives from a skilled demonstration (A) Describe how observing an unskilled person learning a skill could help a beginner learn that skill. (B) Discuss why a learning benefit should result from a beginner observing another beginner learning a skill. this discourages imitation of a skilled models performance of the skill and encourages the observer to engage in more active problem solving by a novice observing another beginner. the learner observes what the unskilled model does, the expert tells him or her what is wrong with attempt, what the model does to correct errors, and how successful he or she is on the succeeding attempts. What are the main features of the two predominant theories about how observing a demonstration helps a person to learn that skill? How do these theories differ? Cognitive mediation theory attention process (what info does the observer extract?...need direct, full attention) retention process (rehearsal, labeling, organization, etc) behavior reproduction process (requires physical capability) motivation process Dynamic view of modeling Person does not need to mediate cognitively (ex: retention process) Instead, our vision constrains and governs our motor control....
View Full Document
This note was uploaded on 01/21/2012 for the course KIN 315 taught by Professor Abraham during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas.
- Spring '08