Chapter 16 - QFR - Evgeniy Bukatin Pr Adou-Dy BUS 308...

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Evgeniy Bukatin Pr. Adou-Dy BUS 308 November 30, 2011 Chapter 16 – Questions for Review 1. What is organizational culture, and what are its common characteristics? According to the book, organizational culture is a system of shared meaning held by members; it distinguishes the organization from other organizations. Organizational culture contains seven primary characteristics: (1) Innovation and risk taking , meaning employees who are encouraged to be innovative and take risks. (2) Attention to detail , meaning the degree of expectations how employees will exhibit precision, analysis, and attention to detail. (3) Outcome orientation , meaning the degree of focusing to outcomes and results rather than the techniques and process used to achieve them. (4) People orientation , meaning the degree to which management decisions take into consideration the effect of outcomes on people within the organization. (5) Team orientation , meaning the degree to which work activities are organized around teams rather than individuals. (6) Aggressiveness , meaning the degree of aggressiveness and competition among the employees. (7) Stability , meaning how organizational activities maintain the status quo in contrast to growth. 2. What are the functional and dysfunctional effects of organizational culture?
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The founders of the organization have major impact on the culture of organization. They have the vision and ideologies of what the organization should be like. There are three
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