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Unformatted text preview: Score: _____ out of 9 (= 27 points Ă· 3) LINGUISTICS 1: ASSIGNMENT 2 Name: KEY TA: Section: 1. (3 points) Hierarchical structure in syntax. The cartoon below contains a sentence that is ambiguous , i.e. it can be understood in two ways. Draw two tree diagrams each of which shows one of the ways in which the sentence can be understood. Do not put phrase labels such as âNPâ, âVPâ, etc. on the diagrams. Use unlabeled trees like those for âThat butcher has smoked hamâ on page 25 of the APS book. The sentence you are to diagram is simplified a little from the actual sentence in the cartoon. It kills fleas and ticks for six months. It kills fleas and ticks for six months. (Meaning: It kills two kinds of creatures.) (Meaning: It kills fleas and it ticks.) 2. (1 point) Grammatical categories. How does the joke in the cartoon below demonstrate the necessity of recognizing grammatical categories (nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, etc.) in specifying language structure? Adjective: You are well . (modifies a noun phrase âyouâ) Adverb: You are well done. (modifies a verb or adjective âdoneâ) Linguistics 1, Assignment 2. p. 2 3. (8 points) Phrase structure trees and grammatical categories. Each of the sentences below can be accounted for by the Phrase Structure rules on page 27 of the APS book. Draw a fully labeled tree above each sentence. Use the trees on pages 26-27 of the APS book as a model. (Label âhisâ in the upper right sentence as a Det(erminer) .) 4. (4 points) Meaning vs. grammar. For each of the sentences below, check the appro- priate boxes. REMEMBER, âgrammaticalâ means that the sentence conforms to the rules of grammar on p. 27 of the APS book. THERE IS ONE EXAMPLE OF EACH OF THE FOUR POSSIBLE COMBINATIONS....
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