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Unformatted text preview: Score: _____ out of 9 (= 18 points 2) LINGUISTICS 1: ASSIGNMENT 6 Name: KEY TA: Section: 1. (4 points) Here are some things that Gretchen said at two periods when she was acquir- ing English as a young child. The left hand column shows what she said using normal spelling of the English words. The middle column shows her actual pronunciation for the utterances that I bothered to write down phonetically: ABOUT 1 YEAR, 9 MONTHS English spelling Phonetic (when noted) Intended meaning Take out. All clean. Squeezing her. [aw kin] [gizi h ] Take them out. (pegs in a pounding board) Its all clean. Im squeezing her. ABOUT 1 YEAR, 11 MONTHS TO 2 YEARS, 2 MONTHS English spelling Phonetic (when noted) Intended meaning Give me um. Falling all over place. Gretchen go take a little bath. [faw n aw ova pes] [g ts n go tek n w bAs] Give them to me. Theyre falling all over the place. Im going to go take a little bath. 1 (a) Which universal stage of language acquisition could we claim Gretchen has reached in each of the data sets above? First set : two-word stage Second set : telegraphic stage (b) FOR THE FIRST DATA SET , give two ways in which Gretchens sentences resemble adult speech. You may cite features either of sentence form (e.g. she uses Subject-Verb word order in the sentence [cite example]) or of the expression of meaning relationships (e.g. she shows the action + location meaning relation in her sentence [cite example]). First resemblance : SYNTAX EXAMPLES: VP = Verb + Adverb (take out); VP = Verb + Object NP (squeezing her); AdjP = Intensifier + Adjective (all gone) Second resemblance : MEANING RELATIONSHIPS: action-location (take out); action- affected (squeezing her) (c) FOR THE SECOND DATA SET , give two ways in which the STRUCTURE of Gretchens sentences differs from adult speech. You may cite SPECIFIC omissions , word order differences , or word substitutions . Ignore differences in pronunciation. ANSWER ON THE TOP OF THE NEXT PAGE. 1 At this stage, Gretchen referred to herself by her name. Linguistics 1, Assignment 6, p. 2 First difference : omission of subject ([theyre] falling)up it instead of it up; omission of AUX with go(ing); omission of -ing suffix on going OR omission of whole phrase is/am going; (continued under 2 nd difference); indirect object pronoun before direct object pronoun (give me um) Second difference : maybe omission of prep. or art. revealed by na instead of in a omission of article (all over [the] place; substitution of name...
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- Winter '10