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Unformatted text preview: Score: _____ out of 9 (= 18 points Ăˇ 2) LINGUISTICS 1: ASSIGNMENT 6 Name: KEY TA: Section: 1. (4 points) Here are some things that Gretchen said at two periods when she was acquir- ing English as a young child. The left hand column shows what she said using normal spelling of the English words. The middle column shows her actual pronunciation for the utterances that I bothered to write down phonetically: ABOUT 1 YEAR, 9 MONTHS English âspellingâ Phonetic (when noted) Intended meaning Take out. All clean. Squeezing her. [aw kin] [gizi h ÂĄ ] âTake them out.â (pegs in a pounding board) âItâs all clean.â âIâm squeezing her.â ABOUT 1 YEAR, 11 MONTHS TO 2 YEARS, 2 MONTHS English âspellingâ Phonetic (when noted) Intended meaning Give me um. Falling all over place. Gretchen go take a little bath. [faw Â˘ n aw ova pes] [g ÂŁ ts ÂĄ n go tek ÂĄ n Â˘ w bAs] âGive them to me.â âTheyâre falling all over the place.â âIâm going to go take a little bath.â 1 (a) Which universal stage of language acquisition could we claim Gretchen has reached in each of the data sets above? First set : two-word stage Second set : telegraphic stage (b) FOR THE FIRST DATA SET , give two ways in which Gretchenâs sentences resemble adult speech. You may cite features either of sentence form (e.g. âshe uses Subject-Verb word order in the sentence [cite example]â) or of the expression of meaning relationships (e.g. âshe shows the action + location meaning relation in her sentence [cite example]â). First resemblance : SYNTAX EXAMPLES: VP = Verb + Adverb (âtake outâ); VP = Verb + Object NP (âsqueezing herâ); AdjP = Intensifier + Adjective (âall goneâ) Second resemblance : MEANING RELATIONSHIPS: action-location (âtake outâ); action- affected (âsqueezing herâ) (c) FOR THE SECOND DATA SET , give two ways in which the STRUCTURE of Gretchenâs sentences differs from adult speech. You may cite SPECIFIC omissions , word order differences , or word substitutions . Ignore differences in pronunciation. ANSWER ON THE TOP OF THE NEXT PAGE. 1 At this stage, Gretchen referred to herself by her name. Linguistics 1, Assignment 6, p. 2 First difference : omission of subject (â[theyâre] fallingâŚâ)âup itâ instead of âit upâ; omission of AUX with âgo(ing)â; omission of â-ingâ suffix on âgoingâ OR âomission of whole phrase âis/am goingâ; (continued under 2 nd difference); indirect object pronoun before direct object pronoun (âgive me umâ) Second difference : maybe omission of prep. or art. revealed by ânaâ instead of âin aâ omission of article (âall over [the] place; substitution of name...
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This note was uploaded on 01/22/2012 for the course EDUCATION 92F taught by Professor Barbee during the Winter '10 term at UCLA.
- Winter '10