Abnormal Psychology Final Notecard

Abnormal Psychology Final Notecard -...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
HealthPsychology StressImpactsBrainHPAAxisHypothalamus,pituitary,adrenalglands,epinephrine/cortisol; Epinephrne - ↑♥ , bp, breathing, Release of sugar into blood, Mobilizes body to deal with emergency, energy and strength, Causes sweat; Cortisol - Heals muscle tears, swelling, pain, Causes a in wbc – disrupts immune system, Not good for long run, Can lead to cancer - Psychosomatic illness : headaches, cvd, cancer, diabetes; Almost all illnesses are related to stress; Individual response specificity: our own weakness – respond differently; General Adaptation Syndrome – explains our stress over time; Alarm – initial reactions to stressor; Resistance – stress that continues chronically over time; Exhaustion – body can no longer handle stress i.e. Stress can Kill!; mind affects how we react to stressors (interaction); Perceived disruption : if we think something is disrupting our lives; Perceived as Distressful versus Eustressful: Distressful (-) cause worse reactions; Eustressful (+) also has strong impact, same effects on and immune system - Activate HPA axis in both; Predictability: cannot predict more stressful; Ability to predict damage; Perceived as Controllable (or not) we want control < stress when more control Individual Personality Factors Important for Coping with Stress 1. Attributional Style Internal/external Permanent/ temporary Global/specific Depressogenic (internal, permanent, global) – impacts stress response 2. Optimism /pessimism 3. Type A Behavior : Claire 4. Level of Hostility : people who are hostile; > physiological arousal in early stages of dealing with stressors; > predictor of disease than type A 5. Self Efficacy Expectations : solve own problems “Master of own world” Cope with stress better 6. Social Support Networks: Hundreds of peer reviewed studies - Deal with Stress? Coping - Problem focused– dealing with problem, FIX IT; male; Emotion – certain problems cannot be fixed; involve manipulating emotions; Poor Coping Strategies *may stress temporarily, doesnt work in long run; Behavioral disengage – engaging in risky behavior for distraction; Mental disengage mentally avoiding problem; depression, denial; + Interpretation: learning how to interpret with a + attitude; appreciate life; control emotional response - Venting : productive strategy; talk about stress, problem; female - Humor : calms HPA; Exercise and Diet : Adjustment disorder - Maladaptive adjustment to some identified traumatic/stressful event *residual category: not sufficient to receive other diagnosis – think medical insurance; Events such as unemployment, bereavement, divorce; Acute Stress Disorder : Symptoms begin at time of trauma & continue for up to a month; At a great risk for developing PTSD; 3 Categories of Symptoms : Re-experiencing traumatic event: flashbacks, nightmares, intrusive thoughts; Emotional numbing
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 01/22/2012 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 10 taught by Professor Knapp during the Winter '09 term at Mt. SAC.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online