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Anxiety Disorders - Anxiety Disorders*a category of...

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Anxiety Disorders *a category of disorders marked by excess activity in alarm circuits of brain Fear versus Anxiety Fear: perceived current threat Anxiety: future threat 1. Cognitive – thinking, thoughts 2. Physiological – physical 3. Behavioral – what people do Amygdala – emotional response – central clearing house for danger; danger detection aspect of brain; overactive (alarm) Parts of brain that circuits Amygdala Brainstem – heart rate, respiration Hypothalamus – hormonal responses, sexual behaviors, eating and drinking Prefrontal cortex – thoughts, calm yourself down; amygdala can become too overactive and start to shut down prefrontal cortex i.e. difficult to think when there’s too much emotions Hippocampus – memory Anxiety Disorders PTSD Panic disorder Specific phobias Social Anxiety Obsessive Compulsive Generalized Anxiety Panic Disorder No immediate cause Out of the blue
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Really intense Very short approx. 20 min 1. Physiological symptoms: cardiovascular (blast off heart rate), chest pain, palpitations, dizziness, choking 2. Cognitive symptoms: fears of dying, insanity, unreality, detachment Panic Disorder – DSM IV Criteria 1. Must recur at least once a week/month 2. Must be accompanied by a month of dread of recurring attack Linked with Agoraphobia What causes Panic Disorder?
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