30 - Anatomy of the Female Reproductive System Liu Wei...

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Unformatted text preview: Anatomy of the Female Reproductive System Liu Wei Department of Ob & Gy Ren Ji hospital Introduction Pelvis Pelvic floor External genitalia Internal genitalia Vessel and nerve and lymph Adjacent organs Pelvis Pelvis Bony pelvis os ilium os coccyx os sacrum os pubis os ischium Pelvis Joints Sacro-iliac joint Sacro- coccygeal joint Symphysis pubica Pelvis Ligaments 1. Sacrospinous ligament Extend from the lateral border of the sacrum and coccyx to the spine of the ischium 2. Sacrotuberous ligament Extend from the posterior aspect of the lower 3 sacral vertebrae to the ischial tuberosity Pelvis Pelvic divisions (iliopectineal line ) 1. False pelvis (pelvis major) 2. Ture pelvis (pelvis minor) Bony birth canal the Pelvic inlet, the pelvic out let and the pelvic cavity Pelvis Types of pelvis 1. The gynecoid type ( ) round, slightly ovoid or elliptical inlet. adequate sacrosciatic notch. wide interspinous diameters(10cm). 52%-58.9% 2. The platypelloid type ( ) distinct oval inlet. very wide subpubic arch. 23.2%-29% Pelvis 3. The anthropoid type ( ) long, narrow, oval inlet. extended and narrow anterior and posterior segment. wide sacrosciatic notch. long , narrow sacrum. Straight side walls. 4. The android type ( ) Pelvic floor The tissues closing down the pelvic outlet (muscles and fasciae) suspend and support the pelvic organs, such as uterus and bladder and rectum Posterior part (urogenital triangle) urethra and vagina pass through Anterior part (anal triangle) rectum pass through Pelvic floor...
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30 - Anatomy of the Female Reproductive System Liu Wei...

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