30 - Anatomy of the Female Reproductive System Liu Wei...

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Anatomy of the Female Reproductive System Liu Wei Department of Ob & Gy Ren Ji hospital
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Introduction Pelvis Pelvic floor External genitalia Internal genitalia Vessel and nerve and lymph Adjacent organs
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Pelvis
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Pelvis Bony pelvis os ilium 髂髂 os coccyx 髂髂 os sacrum 髂髂 os pubis 髂髂 os ischium 髂髂
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Pelvis Joints Sacro-iliac joint 髂髂髂髂 Sacro- coccygeal joint 髂髂髂髂 Symphysis pubica 髂髂髂髂
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Pelvis Ligaments 1. Sacrospinous ligament 髂髂髂髂 Extend from the lateral border of the sacrum and coccyx to the spine of the ischium 2. Sacrotuberous ligament 髂髂髂髂髂 Extend from the posterior aspect of the lower 3 sacral vertebrae to the ischial tuberosity
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Pelvis Pelvic divisions (iliopectineal line 髂髂髂 ) 1. False pelvis (pelvis major) 2. Ture pelvis (pelvis minor) Bony birth canal the Pelvic inlet, the pelvic out let and the pelvic cavity
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Pelvis Types of pelvis 1. The gynecoid type ( 髂髂髂髂 ) round, slightly ovoid or elliptical inlet. adequate sacrosciatic notch. wide interspinous diameters(≥10cm). 52%-58.9% 2. The platypelloid type ( 髂髂髂髂髂 ) distinct oval inlet. very wide subpubic arch. 23.2%-29%
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Pelvis 3. The anthropoid type ( 髂髂髂髂髂髂 ) long, narrow, oval inlet. extended and narrow anterior and posterior segment. wide sacrosciatic notch. long , narrow sacrum. Straight side walls. 4. The android type ( 髂髂髂髂 )
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Pelvic floor The tissues closing down the pelvic outlet (muscles and fasciae) suspend and support the pelvic organs, such as uterus and bladder and rectum Posterior part (urogenital triangle) urethra and vagina pass through Anterior part (anal triangle) rectum pass through
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