APAH-Chapter11 - Yang Alex Yang Mr. Churley AP Art History...

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Yang Alex Yang Mr. Churley AP Art History 28 October 2010 Chapter 11- Pagans, Christians, and Jews I. Early Christian Art A. The Catacombs and Funerary Art 1. Most date to the third and fourth centuries 2. Most found in catacombs- vast subterranean networks of galleries and chambers designed as cemeteries for burying the Christian dead a. Sainted martyrs were buried b. Catacombs also held the graves of Jews and others c. Tunneled out of the tufa bedrock d. Roman Customs 1. Christians had to be buried outside a city’s walls on private property a. Purchased by a confraternity, or association, of Christian families pooling funds e. Loculi- openings to receive the bodies of the dead f. Cubicula- small rooms carved out of rock that served as mortuary chapels 3. Churches rose from being underground to the land B. Jewish Subjects in Christian Art 1. Christians viewed many the Old Testament as prefigurations of New Testament persons and events 2. Jonah a. An Old Testament prophet who disobeyed God’s command
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APAH-Chapter11 - Yang Alex Yang Mr. Churley AP Art History...

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