APAH-Chapter17 - 2 Construction of churches became an...

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Alex Yang Mr. Churley AP Art History 17 November 2010 Chapter 17: The Age of Pilgrimages I. Romanesque Art A. The Romanesque Era (1050-1200) 1. Describes an artistic phenomenon 2. Romanesque means “Roman like” a. Groin and barrel vaults of the era were similar to that of the Romans b. Term coined in the 19 th century B. The Rise of Towns 1. Focus of life in the middle ages was the manor of a landholding liege lord a. Granted portion of land to vassals who swore allegiance 2. The Romanesque period encouraged growth of cities and towns due to increases in trade a. Towns granted independence through charters C. Monasteries and Churches 1. Ecclesiastical buildings were remodeled or newly reconstructed
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Unformatted text preview: 2. Construction of churches became an obsession D. Pilgrimages 1. Pilgrims were an important source of funding for churches 2. Significant display of relics 3. Pilgrims fostered growth of towns E. Architecture 1. Romanesque architecture was highly varied and not always vaulted 2. In Italy Romanesque architecture retained wooden roofs F. Conclusion 1. Greatest patron of art became the monasteries 2. Characteristics of Romanesque churches a. Stone vaults b. Didactic Relief sculptures c. Portals and cloisters d. Relics and gold reliquaries 3. Cistercians, particularly Bernard of Clairvaux, shunned the elaborate churches designed to accommodate pilgrims...
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