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APAH-ChapterS8 - Alex Yang Mr Churley AP Art History 11...

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Alex Yang Mr. Churley AP Art History 11 January 2011 Chapter S8: Islamic Art I. Islam and Early Islamic Society A. Islamic Art 1. Influenced by Islam and by the traditions of the world’s Muslims 2. Rich vocabulary of aniconic, or nonfigural, ornament that is a hallmark of Islamic art a. Includes geometric patterns and arabesques 3. Stylized forms of animals and plants developed in the regions that had been under the control of the Sassanian dynasty of Persia from 226-261 4. Intricate interplay between pure abstraction and organic forms a. Abstractions helped free the mind from the contemplations of material form opening it up to diving presence 5. Highly controlled patterning a. Shimmering surfaces b. Carpet making, architecture, calligraphy, and book illustrations B. The History of Islam 1. Begins with the flight of the Prophet Muhammad from Mecca to Medina a. An exodus known as the hijra 2. Muhammad united warring clans 3. Muhammad dies in 632 a. Four of his closest associates assume the title caliph 1. Abu Bakr 2. Umar
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