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Chapter2AH - Alex Yang Ap Art History Churley-4 11 August...

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Alex Yang Ap Art History Churley-4 11 August 2010 Chapter 2: The Rise of Civilization I. The Art of the Ancient near East A. Neolithic Revolution 1. Transition from hunters and gatherers to farmers and herders 2. First occurred in Mesopotamia a. “The land between the [Tigris and Euphrates] Rivers b. Located at the “fertile crescent” c. Where humans first learned to use the plow, wheel, and control floods through irrigation d. Presumed “Garden of Eden” e. Birthplace of Christianity, Judaism, and Islam B. 19 th Century Discoveries 1. Austen Henry Layard was ordered by the British Museum to uncover artworks 2. 19 th Century Acquisitions a. Stone reliefs 1. Depicted warfare and hunting b. Colossal statues of Human headed bulls 1. Found in the palace of the Assyrians c. Gold objects, jewelry, artworks, and musical instruments of the highest quality 1. Found at the Royal Cemetery of Ur in Southern Mesopotamia
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