Chapter5AH - Alex Yang Mr. Churley AP Art History 16...

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Alex Yang Mr. Churley AP Art History 16 September 2010 Chapter 5: Gods, Heroes, and Athletes I. Ancient Greek Society A. Humanism 1. For the Greeks, all that mattered was humanity 2. Believed it was “the measure of all things” 3. Led to democracy and contributed to the fields of art, literature, and science B. Gods and Humans 1. Gods depicted as humans and were subject to human frailties a. Differed only in immortality 2. The perfect human became the Greek ideal C. Greek Origins 1. Known also as Hellenes 2. A product of intermingling of Aegean peoples and Indo-European invaders 3. Established numerous city-states a. Dorians of the North 1. Ended Mycenaen civilization 2. Settled in Peloponnesos b. Ionians 1. Settled on the western coast of Asia Minor (Modern Turkey) 4. Political structure progressed from kings, to nobles, to tyrants, and finally a democracy around 500 BCE D. Olympia and Hellas 1. The First Olympiad a. Held by Greek speaking states in 776 BCE b. Used Olympic Games to calculate chronology
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Chapter5AH - Alex Yang Mr. Churley AP Art History 16...

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