Comfort Theory Critique Using Chinn & Kramer's Method.docx...

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Running Head: COMFORT THEORY: CRITIQUE USING CHINN AND KRAMER’S METHODComfort Theory: Critique Using Chinn and Kramer’s MethodAshley KentNursing 600: Theoretical Foundations of Nursing PracticeMaryville UniversitySeptember 29, 2019
COMFORT THEORY: CRITIQUE USING CHINN AND KRAMER’S METHOD2Katharine Kolcaba is a nursing theorist who developed the Theory of Comfort in the1990s while obtaining her doctorate degree in nursing research at Case Western ReserveUniversity. Most of Kolcaba’s nursing career was spent in adult gerontology working withdementia patients, which is how her passion for comfort care came about (Kolcaba, 2019).Kolcaba worked with dementia patients who were often non-verbal or had a physical or mentaldisability. Therefore, it was difficult for these patients to communicate their needs effectively andfor nursing staff to correctly fulfill their patient’s needs. If their needs were not correctlyfulfilled, patients would exhibit agitation, “temper tantrums”, and destruction of theirenvironment. Kolcaba wanted her patients to have their needs met and to be comfortable, andthus, the Theory of Comfort was developed (Kolcaba, 2003). The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the Theory of Comfort using a method laid out byPeggy Chinn and Maeona Kramer. Evaluation of this theory will be done through describing thetheory and then, reflecting on the theory. Description of this theory will be done throughidentifying the purpose, concepts, definitions, relationships, structure, and assumptions of thetheory. Critical reflection of the theory will include the clarity, simplicity, generalizability, scope,accessibility, and importance of the theory (Chinn & Kramer, 2010). The testability, or ability toperform research, on the Theory of Comfort will also be discussed. PurposeKolcaba describes the purpose of the Theory of Comfort as the importance of addressingcomfort in an increasingly “high-tech” world. In the 1990s while developing the Theory ofComfort, Kolcaba saw how the field of healthcare was evolving and how advanced technologywas becoming. Although nursing media was beginning to focus on comfort in the 1990s,Kolcaba found how little nursing research had been done previously regarding the concept of
COMFORT THEORY: CRITIQUE USING CHINN AND KRAMER’S METHOD3comfort. Kolcaba was fearful the nursing field would become engrossed in technology and beginto stray away from patient needs. Comfort is essential for a patient, and it is what the patientwants and needs. The Theory of Comfort is used as a tool for nurses to easily implement theconcept of comfort into their nursing practice (Kolcaba, 2010).ConceptsA concept, in the field of nursing, consists of a particular “phenomenon or group ofphenomena” (Meleis, 2018, p. 27). Katharine Kolcaba and her husband, Raymond Kolcaba, whohas an advanced degree in the field of philosophy, performed a concept analysis on the word“comfort” in 1991. Collectively, the two discovered fourteen different meanings of the word

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