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Unformatted text preview: frameshift mutation: mutation that shifts the "reading" frame of the genetic message by inserting or deleting a nucleotide 10. gene: sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determines a trait 11. histone: protein molecule around which DNA is tightly coiled in chromatin 12. hox gene: series of genes that controls the differentiation of cells and tissues in an embryo 13. intron: sequence og DNA that is not involved in coding for a protein 14. messenger RNA (mRNA): RNA molecule that carries copies of instructions for the assembly of amino acids into proteins from DNA to the rest of the cell 15. mutation: change in a DNA sequence that affects genetic information 16. nucleotide: monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base...
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