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Timeline 3500 BCE: The Mesopotamia, the world's first civilization, developed in Sumer, now southeastern Iraq. 633 CE: Syria and Iraq are conquered by Muslims 685- 687: Shi'ite Muslims revolt in Iraq 750: Capital of Iraq moved to Baghdad by the Abbasids February 10, 1258: Baghdad fell to Mongol invaders after a continuation of devastating floods; began a long period of economic, political, and cultural decline. March 11, 1917 : British troops occupied Baghdad, Iraq April 1920: Iraq comes under British mandate after the fall of the Ottoman empire in 1918 Aug. 23 1921 : Faisal I becomes king of Iraq Oct. 3 1932 : Iraq achieves independence from British rule 1933 : Faisal I dies and his son, Ghazi, becomes king 1940: In World War II, Iraq becomes part of the Axis Powers due to anti-British leaders 1941: Britain defeats Iraq, and Iraqi leaders flee 1943:
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Unformatted text preview: Iraq goes against the Axis Power countries 1945: Iraq becomes a charter member of the Arab League 1948: Along with other Arab countries, Iraq attempts at a unsuccessful war again Israel July 14 1958: A military coup overthrows the monarchy, kills King Faisal II, and declares Iraq a republic. General Abdul Karim Kassem becomes Iraq's leader, and begins to change the pro-western policies in government 1961: The Kurds revolt for autonomy; the war goes on for decades 1963: The Ba'ath party, Ahmed Hasan al-Bakr, becomes president and supports pan-Arabism, secularism, and som in Iraq April 17, 1966: Aref dies; his brother, Abdul Rahman Aref, becomes the new president March 11 1970: The Iraqi government and the Kurds sign a peace agreement, which granted the Kurds some autonomy and self rule...
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This note was uploaded on 01/22/2012 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Deeds during the Spring '08 term at Alabama.

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