Week 8 Day 7 Assignment Mental Illness Paper Lavora Moses

Week 8 Day 7 Assignment Mental Illness Paper Lavora Moses -...

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HCA 240 Mental Illness Paper Axia College of University of Phoenix Instructor Sharon White Date November 27, 2011
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Autism, a disorder that has no conceivable cause or, cure at this time is a disorder that primarily begins within the first three years of life as a result of a neurological disorder that affects the functioning of the brain (Autism Research Institute, 2007-2008). As a parent, there is a need to understand why a child is not talking, pointing, making eye contact when spoken to, or clapping and rocking repetitively. In the past with little known about the disorder the condition, was blamed primarily on parenting skills and treated with experimental techniques that proved to be unsuccessful. Today knowledge about autism has increased and methods for treating it have improved benefiting all those involved. Therefore, in this paper we will discuss the background of autism, how it was and is currently treated, how it is diagnosed, and the signs and symptoms of the disorder. History of Autism Autism a disorder that has been poorly understood and misrepresented for many years is a disorder that was first considered to be a form of schizophrenia by a Swiss psychiatrist by the name of Edgar Bleuler in 1911 (WebMD, 2005-2009). In the 1940’s autism was used to describe children who suffered from emotional or social problems such as children who withdrew from human contact by a doctor named Leo Kanner and in the1960s the link between autism and schizophrenia began to disparate as researchers began to identify and learn more about the disease. Although, autism was an extensively researched disorder throughout the early 1900s, misconceptions as well as myths of the disorder ran high and treatment measures would today be consider as being cruel and unethical. Myths and misconceptions surrounding the disorder of autism were and still are high in number and include things such as autism can be outgrown, children with autism do not smile or give affection, vaccinations are to blame for autism, autistic children are geniuses, and bad parenting is the cause of the disorder (Social Carolina Autism Society, 2000). In the past, children with autism were institutionalized and the treatment measures from the 1960s through the 1970s mainly focused on the use of medications such as LSD, electric shock therapy, and behavior-changing techniques however, when these measures were found to be unsuccessful pain and punishment methods were often used (WebMD, 2005- 2009). In the 1980s and the 1990s, more conventional treatment methods were initialized for
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the treatment of autism in the form of controlled learning environments and behavior therapy. Although over the year’s autism has been a disorder that has been highly misunderstood and
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This note was uploaded on 01/22/2012 for the course HEALTHCARE HCA 240, B taught by Professor Nicoletrochta during the Spring '10 term at University of Phoenix.

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Week 8 Day 7 Assignment Mental Illness Paper Lavora Moses -...

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