Chapter 1 Homework - Chapter 1 Homework 1. Edward Titchener...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 1 Homework 1. Edward Titchener is associated with which early approach or school of psychology? A) nominalism B) structuralism C) functionalism D) pragmatism 2. Who believes that human behavior is strongly influenced by unconscious sexual and aggressive conflicts? A) William James B) Sigmund Freud C) John Watson D) Carl Rogers 3. Professor Diaz is studying the development of the human brain from infancy to early adulthood. She takes the _____ perspective and her specialty area is _____ psychology. A) humanistic; social B) evolutionary; cognitive C) behavioral; social D) biological; developmental 4. A collectivistic culture is one in which: A) individual achievements are highly valued. B) a person's social behavior is influenced more by individual preference than cultural values and norms. C) a person's individual preferences and goals are considered to be more important than the requirements and goals of his or her social group. D) great importance is placed on following established tradition and customs. 5. Evidence that is the result of observation, measurement, and experimentation is referred to as _____ evidence. A) empirical B) pseudoscientific Page 1 C) operational D) dependent 6. Professor Wallace studied over 3,000 elderly individuals for a decade and found a statistically significant relationship between survival rate and number of close friends. Specifically, he found that elderly individuals with few close friends had a much higher death rate. To say that the results of his study are statistically significant means that: A) the finding has great practical value and significance. B) there is a cause-and-effect relationship between the two variables. C) the finding does not have to be replicated to be accepted by the scientific community. D) the results are unlikely to have occurred by chance. 7. Dr. Ginsburg wants to study possible gender differences in the willingness of young children to engage in risky behaviors. To gather data, Ginsburg and a co-researcher carefully observe the willingness of boys and girls to try risky behaviors at a local zoo, such as petting a burro or feeding different animals. Dr. Ginsburg is using _____ to gather data. A) naturalistic observation B) a survey C) the case study method D) a representative sample 8. In an online survey, people were asked if they would cheat on their partner if there was no chance of getting caught. Approximately 23,000 internet users responded to the survey. Almost half of those responding said they would not, while the other half said they probably would. What is a significant limitation with surveys like this one?...
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This note was uploaded on 01/22/2012 for the course ECO 1210 taught by Professor San during the Spring '11 term at University of Houston - Downtown.

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Chapter 1 Homework - Chapter 1 Homework 1. Edward Titchener...

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