prelim 1 study guide - BondingPrelim1 20/05/201012:13:00...

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Bonding Prelim 1 20/05/2010 12:13:00 Reis and Collins Social Cognition-  The Self Serving Bias-  o people give themselves more credit for successes and less  responsibility for failure than they give strangers.  However , close  relationship partners are in accord with the SAME attributional  generosity as the self. Self Referential Effect-  o The enhancement of memory when information is coded with  reference to the self, rather than to another person.  The effect is significantly smaller when the other person is an  intimate relation rather than a stranger or acquaintance. People in a relationship start talking “we” rather than “you and I” There is an overlap in the brain regions activated by hearing one’s own name  and the name of a close friend, but no overlap in the areas associated with  hearing one’s own name and the name of a familiar (but not close) person. Emotion— Emotions have both evolutionary significance and relevance to social life Emotions are brought into play most often by the actions of others, and once  aroused, influence the course of interpersonal transactions Emotions that are intrinsically relationship-specific:  o Jealousy, maternal/romantic love, grief over loss o A rude bus driver elicits a different response than a rude spouse The intensity of elicited, particularly the so-called hot emotions, varies with  relationship context. o Willingness to communicate and expectations of the other person lead  to more eliciting of emotions.  o Intimate, trusting and communal relationship (responsive to partners  needs) are more likely to express BOTH positive and negative  emtotions. Tendency to experience emotion is hard wired, but behavioral responses to  emotion-eliciting events may be shaped by interactions between close  relationships Communal Relationships:
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o More likely to show empathetic compassion for partner, better  understand each other’s emotions, and are more likely to share in  other’s emotional experience.  **RELATIONSHIP CONTEX IS IMPORTANT  Bowlby History of Attachment Theory Children placed in institutions and child care World Health organization concern with depravation of maternal care o Harlow and monkeys experiment  The Child’s tie to his mother: Disregarded secondary-drive theory (mom provides food), and created his  own Research Early work on maternal deprivation has given rise to immense amounts of  careful research Adverse childhood experience make the individual more vulnerable to later  adverse experiences, and they make it more likely that s/he will meet with  further such experiences 
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This note was uploaded on 01/22/2012 for the course HD 3620 taught by Professor Campa,m. during the Spring '07 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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prelim 1 study guide - BondingPrelim1 20/05/201012:13:00...

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