u11ohnotes18f2005(2)

u11ohnotes18f2005(2) - Common Acids Strong Acids...

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Common Acids Strong Acids hydrochloric acid: HCl ÅÆ H 1+ + Cl 1– -- stomach acid; pickling : cleaning metals w /conc. HCl sulfuric acid: H 2 SO 4 ÅÆ 2 H 1+ + SO 4 2– -- #1 chemical; (auto) battery acid nitric acid: HNO 3 ÅÆ H 1+ + NO 3 1– -- explosives; fertilizer Weak Acids acetic acid: CH 3 COOH ÅÆ CH 3 COO 1– + H 1+ -- vinegar; naturally made by apples hydrofluoric acid: HF ÅÆ H 1+ + F 1– -- used to etch glass citric acid, H 3 C 6 H 5 O 7 -- citrus fruits; sour candy ascorbic acid, H 2 C 6 H 6 O 6 -- vitamin C lactic acid, CH 3 CHOHCOOH -- waste product of muscular exertion carbonic acid, H 2 CO 3 -- carbonated beverages -- H 2 O + CO 2 Æ H 2 CO 3 (dissolves limestone, CaCO 3 )
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¡ Acid Nomenclature binary acids : acids w /H and one other element Binary Acid Nomenclature 1. Write “hydro.” 2. Write prefix of the other element, followed by “-ic acid.” HF hydrofluoric acid HCl hydrochloric acid HBr hydrobromic acid hydroiodic acid HI hydrosulfuric acid H 2 S oxyacids : acids containing H, O, and one other
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This note was uploaded on 01/23/2012 for the course CHEM 11 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Concordia AB.

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u11ohnotes18f2005(2) - Common Acids Strong Acids...

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