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Unformatted text preview: Deforestation Geography 12 Environmental Issues | Page 4 III. DEFORESTATION What is deforestation? The clearing of forests across the Earth has been occurring on a large scale basis for many centuries. This process, known as deforestation, involves the cutting down, burning, and damaging of forests. Acid rain kills trees and aquatic life. No fish life in this lake. What causes deforestation? The biggest causes of deforestation are a direct result of agriculture and the need for food due to the rising population. For example, most of the Brazilian Amazon forest is cleared for plantations of coffee and other crops. Cattle ranchers cut and burn big amounts of land for temporary pastures. Loggers and miners who are in search of gold, oil and tin also destroy the forests. This is because they clear the land in order to explore the sites. Overpopulation also contributes to deforestation as more people need roofs over their heads. For example, millions of hectares of forest have been cleared in order to support the increasing number of residents. of residents....
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- Fall '08