HST 110 Timeline

HST 110 Timeline - Major Events in US History, 1860-2010...

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Major Events in US History, 1860-2010 1860: Abraham Lincoln [R] elected over Stephen Douglas [Northern D]; John Breckenridge [Southern D]; and John Bell [Constitutional Union] • Republicans replaced Whigs – now, Rep more powerful than Dems (had dominated things before) • 392 US cities with populations over 2,500 (19.7% of population) More than 1,500 state-chartered banks, all issuing their own currency in various denominations • 25% of adult women in Boston recorded as wage earners – 60% as domestics; 30% in needle trades; 64% of female wage earners are immigrants, 35% native-born white, 1% native born Af. Am. • Peak of % of Southern farms owning slaves – still less than 30% 1861-5: Civil War 1862: • Homestead Act 1863: • NYC draft riot in 1863 – against draft but also about Republican rule and anger about emancipation, abolitionism, and blacks • National Bank Act passed (in part due to the absence of Southern, anti-national bank representatives.) Voluntarily (with stiff tax penalties by 1865 for those who didn’t) merged state bank currencies into federal, but state banks could stay in business 1864: Lincoln reelected • Wade-Davis Bill – Reconstruction wouldn’t start in a state until a majority of that state’s white males pledged to support the Const – Lincoln vetoed it 1865: Lincoln assassinated, Johnson [D] becomes President 13 th Amendment abolishes slavery 1866: • Civil Rights Act • KKK founded in Tennessee as a social club – by 1868 had spread to almost every southern state - reign of terror in south against Republicans 1867: Reconstruction Act of 1867 – Congress acted since Johnson wouldn’t ° divided south into 5 districts with commanders able to use army to protect people and property in them ° outlined how the states could be recognized by Congress ° military rule established but only temporarily ° experiment in interracial democracy • Granger Movement founded in MN 1868: Ulysses S. Grant [R] elected over Horatio Seymour [D] • 14 th Amendment guarantees equal protection Kelly v Owen Supreme Court held that the 1855 Citizenship Act only conferred citizenship to white women 1869: • Transcontinental RR completed • Wyoming Territory grants women full suffrage, the first state or territory to do so • Noble Order of the Knights of Labor founded as a secret society 1870:
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• 15 th Amendment grants black male suffrage • Wyoming allows women to serve on juries • 14 US cities with population of 100,000 or more 1870-1: • Enforcement Acts passed to counteract terrorist violence; KKK Act of 1871 brought some crimes under federal law = local, individual crimes punished on federal not local level 1873: • Panic of 1873 • Supreme Court rules that married women can be excluded from practicing law 1876: Rutherford B. Hayes [R] elected over Samuel Tilden [D] and Peter Cooper [Greenback] Contested election followed by secret agreement for withdrawal of last federal troops from southern states
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This note was uploaded on 01/22/2012 for the course HISTORY 110 taught by Professor Susan during the Spring '11 term at ASU.

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HST 110 Timeline - Major Events in US History, 1860-2010...

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