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Human Sexuality and Culture_3

Human Sexuality and Culture_3 - 1954 began direct...

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Human Sexuality and Culture Lecture 1/20/12: Using anthropology to understand human sexuality - How do you go about systematically studying human sexuality? - Sex as Science: Early Researchers o Sigmund Freud (18561939) Victorian, anti-sex bias Penis-envy in girls, Oedipal Complex in boys o Henry Havelock Ellis (1859-1939) Voice of enlightenment among the Victorians Sex is not harmful to mental or physical health Women are not asexual Male and female orgasms are very similar - Founders of modern sexology o Alfred C. Kinsey (1894-1956) “Shocking” discovery that a wide variety of sexual behaviors - including oral-genital sex, masturbation and homosexual encounters - were common and apparently not harmful to mental or physical health Pioneer of the interview method of sex research Scorned by the public as well as his peers for his “foul” research - New sex research techniques o William Masters & Virginia Johnson
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Unformatted text preview: 1954: began direct laboratory observations of humans engaging in secual activity o 1966: Human Sexual Response detailing physiological and behavioral responses to sexual stimulation was published; “scientific peeping toms” o 1970: Human Sexual Inadequacy details their approach to identifying-National Health and Social Life Survey o 1989: conservative politicians halt scientific study of 20,000 Americans due to fears that it might “legitimize homosexual lifestyles” o 1992: a survey of 3432 adults result in the most comprehensive nationally representative survey to date o Similar studies in England and France-Experimental Method o A study in which an investigator attempts to est. a cause and effect relationship by manipulating-Scientific methodology: surveys and samples: o Survey o Population o Sample o Random sample o Stratified random sample...
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