Lecture 3--Ethics and Religion ctools

Lecture 3-Ethics - EthicsandReligion Lecture2:Thurs,January 13th Religion guidance A

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Ethics and Religion Lecture 2: Thurs, January  13th
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Why Think Ethics Depends on  Religion? Many religions attempt to offer ethical  guidance Think about some typical appeals to  religion with regard to controversial  political and social issues Stereotypes of non-believers as less moral
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Attitudes Toward  Attitudes Toward Atheists Gallop Poll, 2007 53% of respondents said they would not vote for atheist  for president Minnesota) “Atheists as ‘Other’” (pg. 218) 39.6% of respondents said that atheists did not share  their vision of American society “at all”; 47.6% would  disapprove if their child married an atheists  In qualitative interviews the authors (pg. 227-8) found  atheists being associated with: criminality, immorality,  drug use and prostitution, rampant materialism and lack  of concern for the common good
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How Might Ethics Depend on  Religion? Two Major Ways: Two Major Ways:     Divine Command Theory: Divine Command Theory:  an action is right/good   an action is right/good  if and only if it is commanded, permitted, or  if and only if it is commanded, permitted, or  approved of by God (and an action is wrong/bad  approved of by God (and an action is wrong/bad  if and only if it is commanded against, not  if and only if it is commanded against, not  permitted, or disproved of by God) permitted, or disproved of by God) Natural Law Theory:  Natural Law Theory:  an action is right/good if  an action is right/good if  and only if it is in accord with the rational order  and only if it is in accord with the rational order  of values & purposes built into nature
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In Favor of DCT DCT: an action is right if and only if it is  approved of by God  First point in favor of DTC:  It explains how  morality can be objective Morality is not just a matter of people’s opinions;  rather, there is one universal truth about morality (but note that DCT is not the *only* way to secure the  objectivity of morality)
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In Favor of DCT, cont. DCT: an action is right if and only if it is  approved of by God  Second Point in Favor of DCT:  Answers the  question “why be moral?”   if you do not act morally, you will be punished (i.e.  be sent to hell) (but is this the sort of answer we want to give to this  question?)
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In Favor of DCT, cont. DCT: an action is right if and only if it is 
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This note was uploaded on 01/23/2012 for the course PHIL 160 taught by Professor Amandaroth during the Winter '11 term at University of Michigan.

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Lecture 3-Ethics - EthicsandReligion Lecture2:Thurs,January 13th Religion guidance A

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