Lecture 6--Utilitarianism_The Basic Idea ctools

Lecture 6--Utilitarianism_The Basic Idea ctools -...

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Utilitarianism:  The Basic  Idea Lecture 4: Tues, January 18th Lecture 4: Tues, January 18th 1
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Typical Responses to Singer Typical Responses to Singer Saving Dying Children in the Developing  Saving Dying Children in the Developing  World is Counter-Productive World is Counter-Productive Too Many Other Life-Threatening Problems Too Many Other Life-Threatening Problems Overpopulation Overpopulation Aid to Poor Countries Keeps Those Countries  Aid to Poor Countries Keeps Those Countries  Poor Poor 2
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Typical Responses to Singer Typical Responses to Singer Institutional Solution vs. Individual  Solution Individual people can’t (and shouldn’t have to)  solve the massive problem of global poverty.  We need governments in rich countries to join  together and come up with a *governmental*  solution. 3
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Liberationism Point 1 in favor of Liber.: Recall Haidt’s  experiment: People trust their intuition and  refuse to change it even as they “run out of  reasons” to support it. 4
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Liberationism, cont. Point 2 in favor of Liber. (Unger): we know  based on various sorts of historical cases  that however hard want to be morally good,  it can be very difficult to see that our own  “normal” actions are actually seriously  wrong E.g. Jefferson and Washington regarding  slavery 5
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What to Conclude? What to Conclude? Get our your checkbook and donate to  UNICEF! (?) Keep this question about how much to rely  on intuition in mind as we consider  utilitarianism 6
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Families of Moral  Theories Normative Theories Consequentialism Deontology Virtue Ethics Act Utilitarianism 7
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Consequentialism Consequentialist Normative Ethical  Theories:  any NET according to which  rightness or wrongness is determined  solely  by the consequences of actions or  practices. 8
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Utilitarianism—Definition     Utilitarianism (first approximation):  the right  action is that action which maximizes utility Utility (for Bentham and Mill) =  pleasure or  happiness (Question that should arise in your mind: what do they  mean by “pleasure” and “happiness”?) Bentham (1748-1832): “an action then may be  said to be conformable to the principle of 
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Lecture 6--Utilitarianism_The Basic Idea ctools -...

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