Lecture 11--10th Feb--Deontology-Scanlon_s Contractualism _CTools_

Lecture 11--10th Feb--Deontology-Scanlon_s Contractualism _CTools_

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Hedonistic Act Utilitarianism  (Classical Utilitarianism) n Hedonistic Act Utilitarianism Right action is the one which maximizes  pleasure and minimizes pain § Convenient promise-breaking Break the promise (provided there’s a net utility gain) § Envelope Give to the charity § Organ-Farming Kill the one to save the five § Axe-Murderer Lie to the axe murderer
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Sophisticated Consequentialism (Pluralistic Consequentialism, Satisficing Consequentialism) Right action is the one which maximizes (or  satisfices) the amount of goodness in the world,  where “good” includes pleasure, pain, beauty,  knowledge, friendship, fairness, truth, etc. § Convenient Promise-Breaking Depends. Only break the promise if pleasure of promisee  trumps pain of the promisor and reduction of other goods,  (perhaps friendships) § Envelope Probably give to charity (unless other competing goods  make stronger demands on you) § Organ-Farming Possible that other goods, like fairness, mean the surgeon  shouldn’t kill anyone.
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Sophisticated Consequentialism (Pluralistic Consequentialism, Satisficing Consequentialism) § Axe-Murderer Lie to the murder (even though this minimizes the good of  knowledge)
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Ross’ Duties n Prima Facie /Absolute Duties Right action is the one which fulfills our all- things-considered duty  (being the most crucial  prima facie  duty in a particular circumstance) § Convenient Promise-Breaking Keep the promise (unless costs of doing so are very high) § Envelope Give – but only if doing so doesn’t conflict with more  pressing duties, (perhaps to your family) § Organ-Farming Don’t kill the one to save the five § Axe-Murderer Lie to the murderer
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Kantianism n Kantianism Right action is one which is in accord with the  CI—treat humanity as an end and never merely  as a means   § Convenient Promise-Breaking Keep the promise § Envelope* Should probably help (at least occasionally), but this isn’t a  perfect  duty (like promise keeping) § Organ-Farming Don’t kill the one to save the five § Axe-Murderer Don’t tell the axe murderer
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Deontology:  Contractualism Lecture 11: Thursday, 10th  February
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This note was uploaded on 01/23/2012 for the course PHIL 160 taught by Professor Amandaroth during the Winter '11 term at University of Michigan.

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Lecture 11--10th Feb--Deontology-Scanlon_s Contractualism _CTools_

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