Lecture 13--Virtue Ethics_The Basic Idea ctools

Lecture 13--Virtue Ethics_The Basic Idea ctools -...

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Virtue Ethics:  The Basic Idea Lecture 13:  Thurs, February 17th
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Announcements David Pizarro “The Good, the Bad, and the  Dirty: How Disgust and Cleanliness Influence  Moral and Political Judgment” Mon, Feb. 21st at 4pm ,  Ehrlicher Room in North  Quad (enter through Thayer St.) Midterm— Logistical Questions? Office Hours Mon 2/21 9:30-12:30pm, Tues 9:30-10:30, Wed  1:30-3pm
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The Doctrine of Double Effect DDE—it is morally permissible to  undertake an action which has foreseeable  bad consequences so long as  a)  the bad consequences are only foreseen, but  not intended  and  b)  the good consequences are sufficiently  important to bring about c)  the act itself is good or at least neutral
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Clarification DDE does not involve distinguishing acts  based on their consequences.  Rather,  DDE  can distinguish between acts that have the  same consequences. Consider: c) the act itself is neutral or good consequentialism holds that the only sense in which  an act can be good is in regard to its consequences but deontology distinguishes acts based on whether  they fulfill or violate duties 
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Clarification, cont. What acts does DDE allow? DDE does NOT allow  killing  as a means  to  saving others In Trolley Case 2—looks like you use fat man as a  means to stop the train DDE allows doing a neutral or good thing  knowing that it will have both very good  consequences with  a very bad side effect In Trolley Case 1—looks like you don’t use person  on tracks as a means, but their death is a side effect
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What About Trolley Case 3? Trolley Case 3—Loop: Trolley is heading toward  looped track in direction of 4 workers.  If you flip  the switch it will turn in the other direction and hit  only 1 worker instead.  (Once the trolley hits the 1  worker or the 4 workers it will stop.) Train
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Trolley Objection Does Trolley Case 3 pass DDE? No—when you flip the switch you are using the 1 
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This note was uploaded on 01/23/2012 for the course PHIL 160 taught by Professor Amandaroth during the Winter '11 term at University of Michigan.

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Lecture 13--Virtue Ethics_The Basic Idea ctools -...

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