Lecture 15--Alternatives_Feminism and Pragmatism ctools

Lecture 15--Alternatives_Feminism and Pragmatism ctools -...

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Alternatives:  Pragmatism Lecture 15:  Tues, March 8 th
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Mid-Semester Evaluation
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So Which NET is the Right One? Some contemporary philosophers subscribe  to a version of C, D, or VT as  the  correct  theory But others hold that none of the theories  we’ve seen is  the  right one because either 1)  each of the theories we’ve seen are fatally  flawed or 2)  no  one normative theory could ever be  the  correct theory
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How is Each NET is Fatally  Flawed? Consider some of the major difficulties of  each NET that we’ve covered Consequentialism organ-farming objection—consequences aren’t all that  matter; rights, respect, duty matters too Kantianism axe-murder objection—duty isn’t all that matters;  sometimes consequences matter too Virtue Theory situationism objection—people lack character
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How is Each NET is Fatally  Flawed?, cont. Consider the feminist critique of moral philosophy Background: western philosophy (~600 BCE to the present) has  mostly been written by men until very recently, the western societies in which  philosophers have existed have been explicitly and  horrendously sexist (seeing women as naturally  inferior to men) many western philosophers have been influenced by  and supported these views—many of them explicitly  assume or argue for women’s inferiority in their work  (Jaggar 349)
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How is Each NET is Fatally  Flawed?, cont. The feminist critique: It would not be surprising if the great  philosopher’s overt sexism made its way  (perhaps in subtle ways) into their normative  ethical theories. Some contemporary philosophers have argued that  this is indeed what has occurred:  (most)
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How Might NET Be Male- Biased? General answer:  most major NETs focus too  much on aspects of life that are  traditionally  associated with maleness, but not femaleness Note that typically this charge is aimed primarily at  consequentialism and the various forms of  deontology. All of which are “modern” in the historical sense.  These  theories were all developed during the period from the  1600s to the late 1800s. The charge is less likely to be aimed at VT which  was developed originally by Aristotle in the 300s  BCE.
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How Might NET Be Male- Biased?, cont. Specific Objections 1) Modern NETs focus too much on autonomy  and impartiality Autonomy   Kantianism, contractualism  Result:  babies, disabled adults, elderly people with  dementia don’t seem to “count” morally Impartiality   utilitarianism, fragmentation of  morality in deontological theories Result:
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This note was uploaded on 01/23/2012 for the course PHIL 160 taught by Professor Amandaroth during the Winter '11 term at University of Michigan.

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Lecture 15--Alternatives_Feminism and Pragmatism ctools -...

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