Lecture 15--Alternatives_Feminism and Pragmatism final

Lecture 15--Alternatives_Feminism and Pragmatism final -...

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Unformatted text preview: Alternatives: Feminism & Pragmatism Lecture 15: Tues, March 8 th Mid-Semester Evaluation So Which NET is the Right One? Some contemporary philosophers subscribe to a version of C, D, or VT as the correct theory But others hold that none of the theories weve seen is the right one because either 1) each of the theories weve seen are fatally flawed or 2) no one normative theory could ever be the correct theory How is Each NET is Fatally Flawed? Consider some of the major difficulties of each NET that weve covered Consequentialism organ-farming objectionconsequences arent all that matter; rights, respect, duty matters too Kantianism axe-murder objectionduty isnt all that matters; sometimes consequences matter too Virtue Theory situationism objectionpeople lack character How is Each NET is Fatally Flawed?, cont. Consider the feminist critique of moral philosophy Background: western philosophy (~600 BCE to the present) has mostly been written by men until very recently, the western societies in which philosophers have existed have been explicitly and horrendously sexist (seeing women as naturally inferior to men) many western philosophers have been influenced by and supported these viewsmany of them explicitly assume or argue for womens inferiority in their work (Jaggar 349) How is Each NET is Fatally Flawed?, cont. The feminist critique: It would not be surprising if the great philosophers overt sexism made its way (perhaps in subtle ways) into their normative ethical theories. Some contemporary philosophers have argued that this is indeed what has occurred: (Most) NETs are, in some way, biased against women. How Might NET Be Male- Biased? General answer: most major NETs focus too much on aspects of life that are traditionally associated with maleness, but not femaleness Note that typically this charge is aimed primarily at consequentialism and the various forms of deontology. All of which are modern in the historical sense. These theories were all developed during the period from the 1600s to the late 1800s. The charge is less likely to be aimed at VT which was developed originally by Aristotle in the 300s BCE. How Might NET Be Male- Biased?, cont. Specific Objections 1) Modern NETs focus too much on autonomy and impartiality (Jaggar 354-5) Autonomy Kantianism, contractualism Result: babies, disabled adults, elderly ppl. with dementia dont seem to count morally Impartiality utilitarianism, fragmentation of...
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Lecture 15--Alternatives_Feminism and Pragmatism final -...

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