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Lecture 16--Justice--Liberty or Equality The Harm Principle ctools

Lecture 16--Justice--Liberty or Equality The Harm Principle ctools

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Justice: Liberty or  Equality?  The Harm   Principle Lecture 16:  Thurs, March 10 th
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Midterm Evaluation Results Intellectual Level: 95% say “just right” Pace of Lectures: 45% “too fast”, 45% “just right”,  8% in between “too fast” and “too slow” Explanations clear: 86% strongly/agree, 13%  disagree Lecture readings are reasonable: 15% strongly/  disagree Powerpoint helpful: 87% strongly/agree, 13%  strongly/disagee Midterm reasonable: 91% strongly/agree, 9%  disagree
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Objection: But We Need  Criteria! Without criteria that clearly distinguish  right/wrong, good/bad how do we know which  habits are the ones to change and which to  keep? E.g. what makes LaFollette’s new anti-bigotry  habit better than his old bigotry habit?   C, D, & VT can answer this by reiterating their criterion  for right action.   What can the pragmatist say?
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Response “There is no recipe for being a good teacher, a good  philosopher, a good friend, or deciding when to take  a job.  But we think there are better and worse  teachers, philosophers friends, and decisions” (415) We can give reasons why one teacher is better than  another even if we don’t have one supreme criterion that  determines good-teaching Similarly, we can give reasons why LaFollette’s anti- bigotry habit is better Some of those reasons may involve concepts like consequences,  duty, respect, virtue.  But that doesn’t mean that any one NET is  *the* theory.
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Ethics vs. Political Philosophy Ethics What makes actions  morally right  or  wrong ?   What things are  valuable  in life? Political Philosophy How should a  just  society or state be organized?   Where does the authority of government come  from? Relation Between the Two? will take up question of whether/to what extent we  can separate questions of morality and justice
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Justice Potential Aspects of Justice Retribution (We Won’t Be Consider This Aspect) Punishment of those who break laws Restoration to victims of crime Freedom/Liberty A form of government in which people govern themselves Political & Civil liberties Property rights Equality Political & Civil liberties Property rights
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Liberty and Equality: At  Odds? One might think that L & E are  inherently in conflict.* Consider taxes on income.   Maximize Liberty:  No taxes. Lots of inequality Maximize Equality Complete equality.  Lots of taxes.
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