Lecture 17--Justice--Liberty or Equality Entitlement final

Lecture 17--Justice--Liberty or Equality Entitlement final...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–7. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Justice: Liberty or  Equality?— Justice as Entitlement Lecture 17:  Tues, March 15 th 1
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Mill on Voluntary Slavery What about voluntary slavery?  Must the govt.  allow us to sell ourselves into slavery? Mill:  No!  “…by selling himself for a slave, he abdicates his liberty; he  forgoes any future use of it, beyond that single act.  He  therefore defeats, in his own case, the very purpose which is  the justification of allowing him to dispose of himself….The  principle of freedom cannot require that he should be free  not to be free.  It is not freedom, to be allowed to alienate his  freedom” (chapt. 5 para. 11) But how can Mill say this without being inconsistent? 2
Background image of page 2
Mill on Voluntary Slavery How can Mill respond to this challenge? 1) Slavery (even if it is voluntary) is repugnant! So?   The whole point of  On Liberty  is the govt. should not  interfere with one’s actions (“repugnant” or not) unless those  actions harm (non-consenting) others 2) People are not the sort of things that can be  owned  (by themselves or by others) Sounds like a plausible thing to say…. if you are a Kantian (i.e.  treat people as an end, not a means).   But Mill is a utilitarian. Also, libertarians say that people own themselves—if that’s  true, then people  are  the kind of things that can be owned. 3
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
What to Think About Voluntary  Slavery?, cont. 3) Allowing the freedom to enter into a slavery contract  would fail to maximize utility. People would only enter these contracts if in desperate  circumstances.  And then they are stuck in them forever   lots of  displeasure!  4) The kind of freedom that matters is not just ability to  make a choice without interference, but freedom from  domination When govt. tells you that you can’t make this one kind of contract,  it interferes. But when you are  owned  by another person, that is domination. Which kind of freedom is the most important to protect?  Freedom as non- interference or freedom as non-domination? 4
Background image of page 4
Robert Nozick’s Libertarianism Robert Nozick (1938-2002) in  Anarchy, State, and  Utopia Libertarianism (pg. 288 of textbook) Liberty is of utmost importance Liberty = a right to  non-interference  or a right  not to be  constrained by others You block my way:  VIOLATION I fall and break my legs; my broken legs prevent me from  being able to go where I’d like:  NO VIOLATION Govt. should be kept to a minimum Economic system should be a  free  market 5
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Robert Nozick’s Libertarianism,  cont. 3 areas to focus on in understanding 
Background image of page 6
Image of page 7
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 01/23/2012 for the course PHIL 160 taught by Professor Amandaroth during the Winter '11 term at University of Michigan.

Page1 / 23

Lecture 17--Justice--Liberty or Equality Entitlement final...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 7. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online