Lecture 20--Scope of Justice_Personhood ctools

Lecture 20-Scope - Lecture20TheScope ofJustice:Personhood Thurs,3/24 1 OutlineofLecture FinishUpLiberty&EqualitySection freedom

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1 Lecture 20—The Scope  of Justice: Personhood Thurs, 3/24
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2 Outline of Lecture Anderson on property rights and negative and positive  freedom Scope of Justice: Personhood “Scope” question Traditional argument against abortion Problem with traditional argument Thought Experiment: Personhood Problem with “personhood” answer Other Views on Fetal Status What Would Follow if Fetuses Counted Like  US
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Anderson on Positive vs. Negative  Freedom and Property Rights Nozick says the govt. must respect negative  freedom (property rights) absolutely, even if this  means sacrificing positive freedom But why should we have private property at all? Answer: we are all better off if people aquire property and  mix it with their labor to produce more stuff.                                                                                                                                                                                                                      (Nozick’s answer to the  Lockean Proviso) If there is no private property, we will all deplete the  natural resources of the commons for our personal  consumption and won’t bother producing anything more “Both Nozick and Anderson accept this argument for pp.
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BUT, Anderson points out, this argument  entails that  positive liberty trumps negative  liberty Institutionalizing pp involves taking away  negative freedom from all others Before pp we all own the earth in common   can  eat anything we want, use anything we want, etc. When I acquire an apple tree as pp, *you all* can no  longer use or eat from that tree. Granting me a property right = restricting 6.7 billion  people’s (negative) liberty Anderson on Positive vs. Negative  Freedom and Property Rights, cont.
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Anderson on Positive vs. Negative  Freedom and Property Rights, cont. Anderson’s view: Nozick cannot consistently say… 1) that pp. is justified (Lockean Proviso is satisfied)  because allowing acquisition of pp. benefits all of us AND  2) that negative liberty trumps positive liberty when it  comes to the state protecting property rights …because “ The argument for private property   [1]  already presupposes that opportunity—positive  freedom—often overrides negative freedom  [NOT 2].”
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6 Scope of Justice Question In thinking about what a just society is like,  who  or  what  can make claims of justice on 
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This note was uploaded on 01/23/2012 for the course PHIL 160 taught by Professor Amandaroth during the Winter '11 term at University of Michigan.

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Lecture 20-Scope - Lecture20TheScope ofJustice:Personhood Thurs,3/24 1 OutlineofLecture FinishUpLiberty&EqualitySection freedom

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