Lecture 21--Scope of Justice_Nations ctools

Lecture 21--Scope of Justice_Nations ctools -...

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1 The Scope of Justice:  Nation Lecture 21—Thurs, 3/24
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2 Outline of Lecture Finish Up—Scope of Justice: Personhood What Would Follow if Fetuses Counted Like  US Scope of Justice: Nation Can there be inter national justice? Utilitarianism vs. Social Contract Theory Rawlsian SCT: two possibilities 2 Stage Bargain Global Bargain Nussbaum’s Suggestion—Reject SCT
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How Bad/Inconvenient is  Pregnancy? “Inconveniences” of Pregnancy Normal/Expected Complications nausea & vomiting; hemorrhoids; constipation; back pain;  appetite changes; heartburn; iron deficiency; frequent urination;  inability to take normal daily medications; need to avoid certain  foods, alcohol, smoking; gaining 20-45 pounds; excruciating  pain/labor; vaginal tearing/episiotomy, possible need for major  abdominal surgery/c-section, post-partum depression Less Common/More Serious* Complications Flare ups of pre-existing chronic illnesses, hyperemesis ,  gestational diabetes, pre-eclampsia, post-partum psychosis, blood  clots, hemorrhage, eclampsia, death  * Chance of serious complications rises significantly if woman has pre-existing health problems, is  younger/older than typical childbearing years, or there are multiple fetuses 
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What if a Fetus *Does* Count  Like  Us ? Problem with the “weighing” logic: it doesn’t  distinguish between  Having a right to life have this right. MY  right to life doesn’t  include a right to use or inhabit  your body to survive i.e. I have no right to your donating your blood, bone marrow, or  kidney to me (Thomson “A Defense of Abortion).  So why would  fetuses have a right to use a woman’s body when  we  don’t have that  right? 4
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Sex and Responsibility Possible answer: sex when a woman voluntarily engages in sex—with  full knowledge of how conception works—she  implicitly gives any fetus that might result a  right to use her body because she is responsible  for its being in the situation it is in Notice that this means that  fetuses conceived through rape  fetuses conceived by girls who don’t understand how  sex/conception work     have fewer rights than fetuses conceived through    consensual sex intuitively implausible? 5
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Sex and Responsibility, cont. Problem: But generally in other areas of life this kind of  responsibility—knowing taking a risk—doesn’t  give another person rights to use your  body/property (Thomson “A Defense of Abortion”) e.g. leaving door unlocked—knowing full well that burglars  burglarize—doesn’t give burglar a right to live in your  house  e.g. getting in a car—knowing full well that accidents 
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This note was uploaded on 01/23/2012 for the course PHIL 160 taught by Professor Amandaroth during the Winter '11 term at University of Michigan.

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Lecture 21--Scope of Justice_Nations ctools -...

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