Lecture 22--Scope of Justice_Species CTools

Lecture 22-Scope - TheScopeofJustice Species Lecture22Thurs,3/31 1 Foreigners Homosexuals Women Peopleofcolour White heterosexual men Animals wom

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1 The Scope of Justice:  Species Lecture 22—Thurs, 3/31
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Justice as an expanding circle White  heterosexual  men Women People of colour Homosexuals Foreigners Animals?
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Why extend equality to others? Singer considers women’s rights Why were past societies obliged to start treatgin  women as equals To figure this out, we should consider what justifies  the principle of equality In short: what does the principle amount to?
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Principle of Equality First Answer:  people are equal in that they have  similar capabilities E.g. A woman, Sue, is Francisco’s equal because they  are similar Similar reasoning skills Similar communication skills Similar moral qualities Should we extend the principle of equality to  animals on this justification? No An animal isn’t similar to a person (in the relevant respects) 4
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Principle of Equality Problems Principle of equality’s justification can’t be  contingent on people’s similarity Principle of equality’s justification can’t be contingent on  people’s similarity E.g. Intelligence E.g. Physical strength Yet we don’t think this undermines their equality How about animals? If the principle of equality still applies to differently capable  people, then why not animals? 5
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Second Answer:  people are equal with respect to  the similar capabilities of social groups ( e.g.  Native Americans, women, Chinese, men) Individual women may differ from individual men in  their abilities, but women as a whole exhibit  comparable capabilities to men as a whole Should we extend the principle of equality to  animals on this justification? No
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This note was uploaded on 01/23/2012 for the course PHIL 160 taught by Professor Amandaroth during the Winter '11 term at University of Michigan.

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Lecture 22-Scope - TheScopeofJustice Species Lecture22Thurs,3/31 1 Foreigners Homosexuals Women Peopleofcolour White heterosexual men Animals wom

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