Lecture 23--Relation of E_P_For Political Lib ctools

Lecture - TheRelationofEthics thePolitical:ForPolitical Liberalism Lecture23Tues,4/5 1 OutlineofLecture ReasonablePluralism GivenRP,

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1 the Political: For Political  Liberalism Lecture 23—Tues, 4/5
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2 Outline of Lecture Fundamental Questions about Justice Reasonable Pluralism Given RP, how do we govern ourselves? Some cases to consider Objection: Modus Vivendi? Public Reason Consider Some Controversies PL in U.S.? Evaluating PL In favor  A problem: slavery
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3 Fundamental Questions About  Justice in a Democratic Society #1—“What is the most appropriate  conception of justice for specifying the fair  terms of social cooperation between citizens  regarded as free and equal?” A question we already have investigated Rawls’ answer:  Justice as Fairness
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4 Fundamental Questions About  Justice in a Democratic Society,  cont. #2—“What are the grounds of toleration… given the fact of reasonable pluralism as the  inevitable outcome of free institutions?” A question we have not yet investigated Our topic for today and Thursday Rawl’s answer: Sandel’s answer:
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5 Fact of Reasonable Pluralism  Reasonable Pluralism Citizens in a free democratic society have  ongoing  and intractable disagreements about morality and  religion. At least some (probably many) of these  disagreements are reasonable. Reasonable citizens: those who want to live together in a  society on fair terms that are justifiable to all 
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Fact of Reasonable Pluralism, cont. The problem: given the fact of reasonable  pluralism, how do we fairly govern ourselves in  ways that are justifiable to all? 1 st  possibility: The govt. should apply whatever  moral/religious view is the majority view to all  people. 2 nd  possibility: We determine which moral/religious  views are  true  or  best  and we govern ourselves  based on those ideas. 3 rd  possibility: Political Liberalism
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7 Some Cases to Think About Case 1: Religious Freedom Most Americans are religious.   Many (though certainly not all!) religious people  think that their religion is the only correct  religion or at least the best religion. 
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This note was uploaded on 01/23/2012 for the course PHIL 160 taught by Professor Amandaroth during the Winter '11 term at University of Michigan.

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Lecture - TheRelationofEthics thePolitical:ForPolitical Liberalism Lecture23Tues,4/5 1 OutlineofLecture ReasonablePluralism GivenRP,

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