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Lecture 23--Relation of E_P_For Political Lib ctools

Lecture 23--Relation of E_P_For Political Lib ctools -...

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1 The Relation of Ethics &  the Political: For Political  Liberalism Lecture 23—Tues, 4/5
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2 Outline of Lecture Fundamental Questions about Justice Reasonable Pluralism Given RP, how do we govern ourselves? Some cases to consider PL & Overlapping Consensus Objection: Modus Vivendi? Public Reason Consider Some Controversies PL in U.S.? Evaluating PL In favor  A problem: slavery
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3 Fundamental Questions About  Justice in a Democratic Society #1—“What is the most appropriate  conception of justice for specifying the fair  terms of social cooperation between citizens  regarded as free and equal?” A question we already have investigated Rawls’ answer:  Justice as Fairness
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4 Fundamental Questions About  Justice in a Democratic Society,  cont. #2—“What are the grounds of toleration… given the fact of reasonable pluralism as the  inevitable outcome of free institutions?” A question we have not yet investigated Our topic for today and Thursday Rawl’s answer: Sandel’s answer:
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5 Fact of Reasonable Pluralism  Reasonable Pluralism Citizens in a free democratic society have  ongoing  and intractable disagreements about morality and  religion. At least some (probably many) of these  disagreements are reasonable. Reasonable citizens: those who want to live together in a  society on fair terms that are justifiable to all 
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Fact of Reasonable Pluralism, cont. The problem: given the fact of reasonable  pluralism, how do we fairly govern ourselves in  ways that are justifiable to all? 1 st  possibility: The govt. should apply whatever  moral/religious view is the majority view to all  people. 2 nd  possibility: We determine which moral/religious  views are  true  or  best  and we govern ourselves  based on those ideas. 3 rd  possibility: Political Liberalism
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7 Some Cases to Think About Case 1: Religious Freedom Most Americans are religious.   Many (though certainly not all!) religious people  think that their religion is the only correct  religion or at least the best religion.  Yet we have freedom of religion in the U.S.
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