Lecture 25--Questioning Morality_Why Be Good ctools

Lecture 25--Questioning Morality_Why Be Good ctools -...

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1 Questioning Morality —Why Be Good? Lecture 25—Tues, 4/12
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Announcements CEPL Film— No Impact Man 7pm tonight at the UM Art Museum Final Exam Exam: Fri 4/22 4-6pm Accommodations: Fri 4/22 4-7pm, Denn. 208  (you will get an email) Exam Review Session: 7-8pm Wed. 4/20, Denn.  269 2
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Lecture Outline Sandel—Against PL finish up from last time Why Be Good? Two Challenges to Morality Ring of Gyges Why act morally when it would be in our self-interest to act  immorally? Psychological egoism: we always act for our own self- interest Nietzsche What do we mean by “good”? 3
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Worries About Sandel’s View Worry #1—Sandel insists that we can’t figure out  what is just until we figure out what is true about  morality/religion. But  how  do we figure that out? Answer:  just have to battle it out through public discussion  and debate Worry #2—No guarantees about what sorts of  laws we will end up with Unlike Rawls’ PL, Sandel’s view can’t guarantee us  that we won’t end up with some moral/religious  views being forced on others—e.g. a state religion
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Worries About Sandel’s View,  cont. Worry #3—No “politeness” about moral and  religious views as is found in PL Since these views can legitimately be brought into  the political sphere, we will have to honestly  debate their plausibility  a nation-wide “philosophy class”? Or same-old yelling and name-calling? 5
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1 st  Challenge to Morality—Why  Be Moral? The Ring of Gyges A ring that allows one to become invisible and  hence to commit various sorts of unjust actions  without any bad consequences to oneself Glaucon (who tells this story) suggests that  “no man can be imagined to be of such an iron nature  that [if he had the ring] he would stand fast in justice.   No man would keep his hands off what was not his  own when he could safely take what he liked….[T]his  we may truly affirm to be a great proof that a man is  just, not willingly…but of necessity” (40)
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Why Be Moral?, cont. We can understand talk of “justice” and 
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Lecture 25--Questioning Morality_Why Be Good ctools -...

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