Lecture 27--Questioning Morality_Being Better Than We Are final

Lecture 27--Questioning Morality_Being Better Than We Are final

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1 Questioning Morality —Being Better Than  We Are Lecture 27—Tues, 4/19
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Announcements Reminder: please fill out evaluations on  Ctools! Final Exam Exam: Fri 4/22 4-6pm  Exam Review Session: 7-8pm Wed. 4/20, Denn.  269 2
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Lecture Outline  Carbonell A counter-example to Wolf’s conception of  moral saints A radical idea—the existence of MSs shows us  that we are obligated to do much more than we  think Singer A realistic approach to global poverty 3
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Wolf’s View We shouldn’t aspire to MS and we don’t  admire MS in others because MS fail to be well-rounded people No time for hobbies, enjoying little things in life MS are bland, humorless people we wouldn’t  enjoy being around Must be positive, not sarcastic, etc. Morality is not overriding or “trump” We don’t have ask morality’s permission for  everything in life 4
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A (Real Life) Counter-Example  to Wolf’s View   Carbonell’s counter-example: Paul Farmer Founder of Partners in Health See: Tracy Kidder  Mountains Beyond Mountains 5
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(Real Life) Counter-Example to  Wolf’s View , cont. How is Paul Farmer a Counter-Example What Carbonell must show:  1) Paul Farmer counts as a moral saint given our  intuitive or common-sense conception AND 2) Paul Farmer’s life is not unattractive or a bad life  for him AND 3) Paul Farmer is not “too” good in a way that  makes him bland, boring, etc. 6
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Is Paul Farmer a Moral  Saint? Carbonell: YES Our common sense/intuitive idea of an MS is of a  “truly extraordinary moral agent”  PF: makes great sacrifices for the sake of helping  others Little sleep No/little salary Alternates living in a hut and the basement of his office Takes no time off Hikes for hours and hours to make house calls Spends his own money to help patients pay rent Eats Bloody Mary mix and peanuts as a meal when too busy  traveling to eat a real meal 7
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Is Paul Farmer a Moral  Saint?, cont. Note that living as P.F. does is well into the territory  of the  supererogatory .   Common sensibly, we do not think that anyone is  morally obligated  to do these things to help others. Further, the things PF does are not merely  supererogatory, but are extraordinarily so. Some supererogatory things we expect all decent people to  do: give to charity sometimes, save a person from harm at  little cost to yourself, etc. But other supererogatory things involve so much sacrifice, 
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This note was uploaded on 01/23/2012 for the course PHIL 160 taught by Professor Amandaroth during the Winter '11 term at University of Michigan.

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Lecture 27--Questioning Morality_Being Better Than We Are final

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