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Unformatted text preview: 1 Something That Just Won’t Go Away: The Race and Intelligence Debate How can Anthropology give us the framework and the information to join this argument? What do we know? 1 Lecture 07, 01/24/11 2 Race as an extension of the human urge to classify--to form groups Uses of the word, Race : 1. sense of offspring as in “line of descent”; 2. a kind of species of plants or animals; 3. general classification as in “the human race”; 4. a group of humans--mixing the first two senses Lecture 07, 01/24/11 groups have markers; but markers vary from society to society ethnic markers--clearly easy to change language names clothing practices markers of race--meant to be "biological" skin color facial features hair body build 3 Lecture 07, 01/24/11 The Problem of Complexity at various times as few as 5 and as many as 30 recognized “races”) rapidly expanding categories from: Asian, African, European (Linnean system) to: Polynesian, Australian, American Indian….. 4 Lecture 07, 01/24/11 5 Ill-fitting Categories Negroid: dark skin, hair & facial features Caucasoid: light skin, hair & different facial features But problem categories: :South Indians :San of Kalahari :Australians Categories based on characteristics that are inherited independently Lecture 07, 01/24/11 6 What Scientists Say “Attempts to treat divisions of humanity based primarily on skin color as natural evolutionary units have always been, and still are, nonsensical” (Paul Ehrlich, Human Natures: Genes, Cultures, and the Human Prospect , p. 49.) “The possibility that human history has been characterized by genetically relatively homogeneous groups (‘races’), distinguished by major biological differences, is not consistent with genetic evidence” (1999, Owens & King, Genomic Views of Human History, Science 286:451-453.) Lecture 07, 01/24/11 2 7 Social Darwinism : a theory that argues that the poor are in their situation for inherent and immutable reasons related to biology (and that the rich are in theirs) Lecture 07, 01/24/11 8 W.E.B. Dubois, in Crisis , the magazine of the NAACP in 1911: “The leading scientists of the world have come forward...and laid down in categorical terms a series of propositions which may be summarized as follows: 1. It is not legitimate to argue from differences in physical characteristic to differences in mental characteristics......
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- Winter '08
- Anthropology, Race and intelligence, Samuel George Morton