lecture12.0204 - A Pastoral Interlude: The Anthropologist &...

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1 The Importance of Domestication: 1. Technique: Compare to the Acheulean watershed 2.Foundation for everything subsequent: --> social complexity --> ecological dominant: fundamental y new relationship with environment --> decline in variety : !Kung reliant on over 100 species : contemporary agriculturalists about 20 --> moral economies of transformation : time & scheduling : specialization & exploitation --> coevolution of plants & societies 1 Lecture 12, 02/04/11 2 A Pastoral Interlude: The Anthropologist & the Nuer I: Who are you? C: A man. I: What is your name? C: Do you want to know my name? I: Yes. C: You want to know my name? I: Yes, you have come to visit me in my tent and I would like to know who you are. C: All right. I am Cuol. What is your name? I: My name is Pritchard. Lecture 12, 02/04/11 3 Evans-Pritchard & Nuer, cont'd C: What is your father’s name? I: My father’s name is also Pritchard. C: No, that cannot be true. You cannot have the same name as your father. I: It is the name of my lineage. What is the name of your lineage? C: Do you want to know the name of my lineage? I: Yes. Lecture 12, 02/04/11 4 Evans-Pritchaed & Nuer, cont'd C: What will you do with it if I tell you? Will you take it to your country? I: I don’t want to do anything with it. I just want to know it since I am living at your camp. Lecture 12, 02/04/11 5 Approaches to Foraging, Agriculture & Making a Living Approaching foragers: why do we care about them anyway? Paradoxes: a. Contemporary foragers as examples of our own past? b. Contemporary foragers as not an example at all -- fully 20th century (or 21st century)? c. Contemporary foragers as people with a history? (That’s Pieter Bruegel's print, "The Beekeepers" from 1567 over there ) Lecture 12, 02/04/11 6 Looking at Foragers with European Eyes 1. Subsistence: an assumption of scarcity 2. Property: it don’t get no respect 3. Attitude: no concern for the future; irrational 4. Discipline: these guys hate work It seems that a short way back in the history of occidental ideas there was a fork in the trail. The line of thought that is signified by the names of Descartes, Newton, and Hobbes (saying that life in a primary society is “nasty, brutish, and short” – all of them city dwellers) was a profound rejection of the organic world. For a reproductive universe they substituted a model of sterile mechanism and an economy of “production.” (Gary Snyder in “The Etiquette of Freedom”) Lecture 12, 02/04/11
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2 7 Subsistence: “The nomadic hunters and gatherers barely met minimum subsistence needs and often fell far short of them. .. Constantly on
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This note was uploaded on 01/23/2012 for the course ANTHRO 101 taught by Professor Peters during the Winter '08 term at University of Michigan.

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lecture12.0204 - A Pastoral Interlude: The Anthropologist &...

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