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Hist of Holocaust Nov 14

Hist of Holocaust Nov 14 - Nov 14 For paper Go to vha...

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Nov. 14 For paper: Go to vha. rutgers.edu Works more quickly if on Rutgers service system Enter the archive (register with email address) Different ways to search Biographical Search, type in topic Best thing to do is compare their lives to the things we’ve talked about Topics for today: - What actually happened at these camps? - Talk about what the camps meant; how we should think about them/ what is their significance? - How did the Nazis get the idea that Jews should be absolutely annihilated completely, and why did they think the camps were the best way to do that? There are 3 aspects to the industrial mass killing worth talking about, related to World War I: - 1. Idea that when you are fighting the war, the enemy is actually the whole population that you are fighting; not just the army on the battlefield o This has a lot to do with the fact that wars don’t take place just on the front lines; they take place by trying to affect what goes on BEHIND the lines Mobilizing your own economy to keep production going, using propaganda to undermine the enemy’s morale, using bombings Do what you can to break backs of the civilians behind the line so the war in the front lines can collapse also o This brings up a question of how to think about populations of the people that are potential enemies; how should they be treated not as individuals but as a whole population? Policy makers come to conclusions of what to do with big groups Example of Boer War (from last week); refugee camps turned into concentration cramps to break the morale of the Africans that the British were fighting; this escalated during World War I and the years after Russians decided the Jews needed to be dealt with Around 1900, decision that all Jews living in Turkey and all Turks living in Greece should be moved o People forced to completely move without any input; soldiers came and told them to take what they could, they’d be put on trains
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*MAIN POINT: there is this very clear trend around WWI to think about moving and dealing with populations as a whole; that they had to deal with ALL people (women, children, elderly) in a population in order to achieve something lasting - 2. Idea of Final Solution o Says that there an be such thing as a Final Solution (ultimate and complete) o WWI raised for Europeans the idea that a modern technologically
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Hist of Holocaust Nov 14 - Nov 14 For paper Go to vha...

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